Wing (military unit)

In military aviation, a wing is a unit of command. In most military aviation services, a wing is a relatively large formation of planes. In Commonwealth countries a wing usually comprises three squadrons, with several wings forming a group (around 10 squadrons). Each squadron will contain around 20 planes.

Organizational structure of flying units in selected NATO countries, by relative size
British and
USAF and
USSF Canadian[2] French AAE German Air Force Italian Air Force NATO Rank level[3]
of general or
commanding officer
÷ Air division
(no longer used)
÷ Air division
Division aérienne
÷ Luftwaffendivision
(no longer used)
Divisione aerea OF-7
Group Wing Delta (OF-5) Group[4]
Groupe aérienne
(no longer used)
Brigade Aérienne ÷ Brigata aerea OF-5, or OF-6
Wing Group Wing
Escadre Geschwader[5] (OF-5) Stormo OF-4, OF-5, or OF-6
Squadron Squadron Squadron (OF-4) Squadron
Escadron Gruppe (OF-4) Gruppo OF-3 or OF-4
Flight Flight ÷ Flight
Escadrille Staffel[6] (OF-3) Squadriglia OF-2 or OF-3
Flight Element/Section Section Section Schwarm[7] / Kette sezione OF-1 or OF-2

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