William M. Evarts

William Maxwell Evarts (February 6, 1818  February 28, 1901) was an American lawyer and statesman from New York who served as U.S. Secretary of State, U.S. Attorney General and U.S. Senator from New York. He was renowned for his skills as a litigator and was involved in three of the most important causes of American political jurisprudence in his day: the impeachment of a president, the Geneva arbitration and the contests before the electoral commission to settle the presidential election of 1876.[1]

William M. Evarts
United States Senator
from New York
In office
March 4, 1885  March 3, 1891
Preceded byElbridge G. Lapham
Succeeded byDavid B. Hill
27th United States Secretary of State
In office
March 12, 1877  March 7, 1881
PresidentRutherford B. Hayes
Preceded byHamilton Fish
Succeeded byJames G. Blaine
29th United States Attorney General
In office
July 17, 1868  March 4, 1869
PresidentAndrew Johnson
Preceded byHenry Stanbery
Succeeded byEbenezer R. Hoar
Personal details
William Maxwell Evarts

(1818-02-06)February 6, 1818
Charlestown, Massachusetts, U.S.
DiedFebruary 28, 1901(1901-02-28) (aged 83)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Political partyWhig (Before 1860)
Republican (1860–1901)
SpouseHelen Bingham Wardner (m. 1843-1901, his death)
Children12 (including Maxwell Evarts)
RelativesJeremiah Evarts (father)
Roger Sherman (grandfather)
Maxwell Perkins (grandson)
Allen Wardner (father-in-law)
EducationYale University (BA)
Harvard University

During the presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes, the reform-minded Evarts was an active member among the "Half-Breed" faction of the Republican Party, which emphasized support for civil service reform,[2] bolstering opposition towards conservative "Stalwarts" who defended the spoils system and advocated on behalf of Southern blacks.

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