Westminster

Westminster is an area of Central London, part of the wider City of Westminster.

Westminster

The Palace of Westminster

Western facade of Westminster Abbey
Westminster
Location within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ295795
 Charing Cross0.58 mi (0.9 km) NEbE
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtSW1
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°29′41″N 00°08′07″W

The area, which extends from the River Thames[1] to Oxford Street, has many visitor attractions and historic landmarks, including the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey, Westminster Cathedral and much of the West End shopping and entertainment district.

The name (Old English: Westmynstre)[2] originated from the informal description of the abbey church and royal peculiar of St Peter's (Westminster Abbey), west of the City of London. (Until the English Reformation there was also an Eastminster, near the Tower of London, in the East End of London.) The abbey's origins date from between the 7th and 10th centuries, but it rose to national prominence when rebuilt by Edward the Confessor in the 11th. Westminster has been the home of England's government since about 1200, and from 1707 the Government of the United Kingdom. In 1539, it became a city.

Westminster is often used as a metonym to refer to the Parliament of the United Kingdom, in the Palace of Westminster.


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