Western Asia

Western Asia, also called West Asia or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion of the larger geographical region of Asia, as defined by some academics, UN bodies and other institutions. It is almost entirely a part of the Middle East, and includes Anatolia, the Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Mesopotamia, the Armenian Highlands, the Levant, the island of Cyprus, the Sinai Peninsula, and partly the Caucasus Region (Transcaucasia). The region is considered to be separated from Africa by the Isthmus of Suez in Egypt, and separated from Europe by the waterways of the Turkish Straits and the watershed of the Greater Caucasus. Central Asia lies to its northeast, while South Asia lies to its east. Twelve seas surround the region (clockwise): the Aegean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman, the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Aden, the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aqaba, the Gulf of Suez, and the Mediterranean Sea.

West Asia
Area5,994,935 km2 (2,314,657 sq mi)a
Population313,428,000 (2018) (9th)[1][2]
Population density50.1 km2 (19.3 sq mi)
GDP (PPP)$9.063 trillion (2019)[3]
GDP (nominal)$3.383 trillion (2019)[3]
GDP per capita$10,793 (2019; nominal)[3]
$28,918 (2019; PPP)[3]
HDI0.699 (medium)
Ethnic groupsSemitic, Turkic, Iranic, Armenian, Assyrian, Chaldeans, Arameans or Syriacs, North Caucasian, Cushitic, Georgians, Hellenic, Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Austronesian, etc.
ReligionsIslam, Christianity, Judaism, Baháʼí, Druzism, Yarsanism, Yazidism, Zoroastrianism, Mandaeism, Hinduism, Buddhism, etc.
DemonymWest Asian
Western Asian
Dependencies Akrotiri and Dhekelia
Other languages
  • Afroasiatic:
  • Austronesian:
  • Indo-European:
  • NE Caucasian:
  • NW Caucasian:
  • Turkic:
Time zones
5 time zones
Internet TLD.ae, .am, .az, .bh, .cy, .eg, .ge, .il, .iq, .ir, .jo, .kw, .lb, .om, .ps, .qa, .sa, .sy, .tr, .ye
Calling codeZone 9 except Armenia, Cyprus (Zone 3) & Sinai (Zone 2)
Largest cities
UN M49 code145 – Western Asia
a Area and population figures include the Sinai

Western Asia covers an area of 5,994,935 km2 (2,314,657 sq mi), with a population of around 313 million.[1][2] Out of the 20 UN member countries located fully or partly within the region, 13 are a part of the Arab world. The most populous countries in Western Asia are Iran, Turkey, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Yemen.

In the World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions (WGSRPD), Western Asia excludes the Arabian Peninsula.[4]

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