University of Oxford

The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096,[2] making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's second-oldest university in continuous operation.[2][10][11] It grew rapidly from 1167 when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris.[2] After disputes between students and Oxford townsfolk in 1209, some academics fled north-east to Cambridge where they established what became the University of Cambridge.[12] The two English ancient universities share many common features and are jointly referred to as Oxbridge. Oxford is ranked among the most prestigious universities in the world, currently being ranked 2nd best in the world and best in Europe by QS World University Rankings.

University of Oxford
Latin: Universitas Oxoniensis
Other name
The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford[1]
MottoLatin: Dominus illuminatio mea
Motto in English
The Lord is my light
TypePublic research university Ancient university
Establishedc.1096; 926 years ago (1096)[2]
Academic affiliations
Endowment£6.1 billion (including colleges) (2019)[3]
Budget£2.145 billion (2019–20)[3]
ChancellorThe Lord Patten of Barnes
Vice-ChancellorLouise Richardson[4][5]
Academic staff
6,995 (2020)[6]
Students24,515 (2019)[7]
Undergraduates11,955
Postgraduates12,010
Other students
541 (2017)[8]
Location,
England

51°45′18″N 01°15′18″W
CampusUniversity town
Colours  Oxford Blue[9]
Sporting affiliations
Blue (university sport)
Websiteox.ac.uk

The university is made up of thirty-nine semi-autonomous constituent colleges, six permanent private halls, and a range of academic departments which are organised into four divisions.[13] All the colleges are self-governing institutions within the university, each controlling its own membership and with its own internal structure and activities. All students are members of a college.[14] It does not have a main campus, and its buildings and facilities are scattered throughout the city centre. Undergraduate teaching at Oxford consists of lectures, small-group tutorials at the colleges and halls, seminars, laboratory work and occasionally further tutorials provided by the central university faculties and departments. Postgraduate teaching is provided predominantly centrally.

Oxford operates the world's oldest university museum, as well as the largest university press in the world and the largest academic library system nationwide.[15] In the fiscal year ending 31 July 2019, the university had a total income of £2.45 billion, of which £624.8 million was from research grants and contracts.[3]

Oxford has educated a wide range of notable alumni, including 29 prime ministers of the United Kingdom and many heads of state and government around the world.[16] As of October 2020, 72 Nobel Prize laureates, 4 Fields Medalists, and 6 Turing Award winners have studied, worked, or held visiting fellowships at the University of Oxford, while its alumni have won 160 Olympic medals.[17] Oxford is the home of numerous scholarships, including the Rhodes Scholarship, one of the oldest international graduate scholarship programmes.[18]


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