United States Marine Corps

The United States Marine Corps (USMC), also referred to as the United States Marines, is the maritime land force service branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations[11] through combined arms, implementing its own infantry, artillery, aerial, and special operations forces. The U.S. Marine Corps is one of the eight uniformed services of the United States.

United States Marine Corps
Emblem of the United States Marine Corps
Founded11 July 1798
(224 years, 6 months)
(as current service)

10 November 1775
(247 years, 2 months)
(as Continental Marines)[1]

Country United States
TypeMaritime land force
  • 180,958 active personnel (as of 2020)[2]
  • 32,400 reserve personnel (as of 2022)[3]
  • 1,304 manned aircraft[4] (total includes 11 VH-3D and 8 VH-60N of HMX-1[5] not listed by WAF 2018)
Part ofUnited States Armed Forces
Department of the Navy
HeadquartersThe Pentagon
Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Nickname(s)"Jarheads", "Devil Dogs", "Teufel Hunden", "Leathernecks"
Motto(s)Semper fidelis ("Always faithful")
ColorsScarlet and gold[6][7]
March"Semper Fidelis" Play 
Mascot(s)English bulldog[8][9]
Anniversaries10 November
EquipmentList of U.S. Marine Corps equipment
See list

Presidential Unit Citation

Joint Meritorious Unit Award
Navy Unit Commendation
Valorous Unit Award

Meritorious Unit Commendation
French Croix de guerre 1914–1918
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation
Korean Presidential Unit Citation
Vietnam Gallantry Cross

Vietnam Civil Actions Medal
Commander-in-Chief President Joe Biden
Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin
Secretary of the Navy Carlos Del Toro
Commandant Gen David H. Berger
Assistant Commandant Gen Eric M. Smith
Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps SMMC Troy E. Black
Emblem ("Eagle, Globe, and Anchor" or "EGA")[note 1]
Song"The Marine's Hymn" Play 

The Marine Corps has been part of the U.S. Department of the Navy since 30 June 1834 with its sister service, the United States Navy.[12] The USMC operates installations on land and aboard sea-going amphibious warfare ships around the world. Additionally, several of the Marines' tactical aviation squadrons, primarily Marine Fighter Attack squadrons, are also embedded in Navy carrier air wings and operate from the aircraft carriers.[citation needed]

The history of the Marine Corps began when two battalions of Continental Marines were formed on 10 November 1775 in Philadelphia as a service branch of infantry troops capable of fighting both at sea and on shore.[13] In the Pacific theater of World War II the Corps took the lead in a massive campaign of amphibious warfare, advancing from island to island.[14][15][16] As of 2022, the USMC has around 177,200 active duty members and some 32,400 personnel in reserve.[3]

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