Demographics of the United States

The United States had an official estimated resident population of 331,893,745 on July 1, 2021, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.[1] This figure includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia but excludes the population of five unincorporated U.S. territories (Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa and the Northern Mariana Islands) as well as several minor island possessions. The United States is the third most populous country in the world.[12] The Census Bureau showed a population increase of 0.12% for the twelve-month period ending in July 2021,[13] below the world average annual rate of 0.9%.[14] The total fertility rate in the United States estimated for 2021 is 1.664 children per woman,[15] which is below the replacement fertility rate of approximately 2.1.

Demographics of the United States
Population pyramid of the United States as of July 1, 2021
Population 332,403,650 (2022 projection)[1]
Density86.16/sq mi (33.27/km2)
Growth rate 0.13% (2021)[2]
Birth rate 11.0 births/1,000 population (2021)
Death rate10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2021)
Life expectancy 76.1 years (2021)[3]
  male 73.2 years (2021)[3]
  female 79.1 years (2021)[3]
Fertility rate 1.664 children born/woman (2021)[4]
Infant mortality rate5.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2020) [5]
Net migration rate3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020)[2]
Age structure
Under 18 years22.2% (2021)[6]
18–44 years35.9% (2021)[6]
45–64 years25.2% (2021)[6]
65 and over16.8% (2021)[6]
Language
OfficialNo official language at national level. English is designated official in 32 of 50 states (and in all 5 U.S. territories). Hawaiian is official in Hawaii, 20 Native languages are official in Alaska, and Sioux is official in South Dakota.[7] Samoan is an official language in American Samoa,[8] Chamorro is an official language in Guam,[9] Chamorro and Carolinian are official languages in the Northern Mariana Islands,[10] and Spanish is an official language in Puerto Rico.[11]
Spoken
Source: The World Factbook[2]

The U.S. population almost quadrupled during the 20th century  at a growth rate of about 1.3% a year  from about 76 million in 1900 to 281 million in 2000.[16] It is estimated to have reached the 200 million mark in 1967, and the 300 million mark on October 17, 2006.[16][17] Foreign-born immigration caused the U.S. population to continue its rapid increase, with the foreign-born population doubling from almost 20 million in 1990 to over 45 million in 2015,[18] representing one-third of the population increase.[19] The U.S. population grew by 1.6 million from 2018 to 2019, with 38% of growth from immigration.[20] Population growth is fastest among minorities as a whole, and according to the Census Bureau's estimation for 2020, 50% of U.S. children under the age of 18 are members of ethnic minority groups.[21]

As of 2020, white people (including Hispanic whites) numbered 204,277,273 or 61.6% of the population and Non-Latino whites make up 57.8% of the country's population.[22]

Latino Americans accounted for 51.1% of the total national population growth between 2010 and 2020, increasing from 50.5 million in 2010 to 62.1 million in 2020.[23] The Hispanic or Latino population increased by 23% between 2010 and 2020, an increase of more than 11.6 million.[23] Immigrants and their U.S.-born descendants are expected to provide most of the U.S. population gains in the decades ahead.[24]

In 2020, it was reported that 51.0% of births were to non-Hispanic white mothers.[25] In 2021, the percentage increased to 51.5%.[25][26]

The 12 month ending general fertility rate increased from 56.6 to 57.0 in 2022 Q1 compared to 2021 Q4.[27]

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