Turkic peoples

The Turkic peoples are a collection of diverse ethnic groups of Central, East, North, and West Asia as well as parts of Europe, who speak Turkic languages.[33][34]

Turkic peoples
The distribution of the Turkic languages
Total population
Approx. 140–160 million[1][2] or over 170 million[3]
Regions with significant populations
 Turkey57,500,000–61,500,000[4][additional citation(s) needed]
 Uzbekistan31,900,000[5][additional citation(s) needed]
 Iran15,000,000–20,000,000[6][7] 18% of population[8]
 Russia12,751,502[citation needed]
 Kazakhstan12,300,000[9][additional citation(s) needed]
 China11,647,000[10][additional citation(s) needed]
 Azerbaijan10,000,000[11][additional citation(s) needed]
European Union5,876,318[citation needed] (Bulgaria 588,318[12])
 Afghanistan4,600,000–5,300,000 (2017)[13][14]
 Turkmenistan4,500,000[15][additional citation(s) needed]
 Kyrgyzstan4,500,000[16][additional citation(s) needed]
 Tajikistan1,200,000[19][additional citation(s) needed]
 United States1,000,000+[20]
 Northern Cyprus313,626[23]
 Australia293,500[citation needed]
 North Macedonia81,900[31][32]
Turkic languages
Predominantly Islam
Minority Christianity; Judaism; Tengrism; Buddhism

The origins of the Turkic peoples has been a topic of much discussion.[35] Recent linguistic, genetic and archaeological evidence suggests that the earliest Turkic peoples descended from agricultural communities in Northeastern China and wider Northeast Asia, who moved westwards into Mongolia in the late 3rd millennium BC, where they adopted a pastoral lifestyle.[36][37][38][39][40] By the early 1st millennium BC, these peoples had become equestrian nomads.[36]

The genetic and historical evidence suggests that the early Turkic peoples were of largely East Asian origin but became increasingly diverse, with later medieval Turkic groups exhibiting both East Asian and occasionally also West Eurasian physical appearances and genetic origins.[41][42] Many vastly differing ethnic groups have throughout history become part of the Turkic peoples through language shift, acculturation, conquest, intermixing, adoption, and religious conversion.[3] Nevertheless, certain Turkic peoples share, to varying degrees, non-linguistic characteristics like cultural traits, ancestry from a common gene pool, and historical experiences.[3]

Some of the most notable modern Turkic ethnic groups include the Altai people, Azerbaijanis, Chuvash people, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Turkmens, Turkish people, Tuvans, Uzbeks, Yakuts.

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