Trucial States

The Trucial States (Arabic: الإمارات المتصالحة Al-Imārāt al-Mutaṣāliḥa), also known as the Trucial Coast (Arabic: الساحل المتصالح Al-Sāḥil al-Mutaṣāliḥ), the Trucial Sheikhdoms (Arabic: المشيخة المتصالحة Al-Mashīkhat al-Mutaṣāliḥa), Trucial Arabia or Trucial Oman, was the name the British government gave to a group of tribal confederations in southeastern Arabia whose leaders had signed protective treaties, or truces, with the United Kingdom between 1820 and 1892.

Trucial States
إمارات الساحل المتصالح (Arabic)
1820–1971
Flag of the Trucial States Council
(1968–1971)
The Trucial States in 1867
StatusPersian Gulf Residency of British India (1820–1947)
British Protectorate (1947–1971)
CapitalSharjah
Common languagesArabic
English
Religion
Sunni Islam
Demonym(s)Trucials[1]
GovernmentTribal confederation(s)
Historical eraNew Imperialism to Cold War
8 January 1820
4 May 1853
21 March 1952
1 December 1971
2 December 1971
CurrencyOttoman Lira
(1820–1899)[2]
Indian Rupee
(1899–1959)
Gulf Rupee
(1959–1966)
Bahraini Dinar
(1966–1971)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Abu Dhabi
Ajman
Dubai
Umm Al Quwain
Fujairah
Ras Al Khaimah
Sharjah
United Arab Emirates
Ras Al Khaimah
Today part ofUnited Arab Emirates

The Trucial States remained an informal British protectorate until the treaties were revoked on 1 December 1971. The following day, six of the sheikhdoms—Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain and Fujairah—formed the United Arab Emirates; the seventh, Ras Al Khaimah, joined on February 10, 1972.


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