Trondheim

Trondheim (UK: /ˈtrɒn(d)hm/ TRON(D)-hyme, US: /ˈtrɒnhm/ TRON-haym,[5][6] Urban East Norwegian: [ˈtrɔ̂nː(h)æɪm] (listen); Southern Sami: Tråante), historically Kaupangen, Nidaros and Trondhjem (local pronunciation: [ˈtrɔ̂nːjæm]), is a city and municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. As of 2020, it had a population of 205,332,[7] was the third most populous municipality in Norway, and was the fourth largest urban area. Trondheim lies on the south shore of Trondheim Fjord at the mouth of the River Nidelva. Among the major technology-oriented institutions headquartered in Trondheim are the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), the Foundation for Scientific and Industrial Research (SINTEF), and St. Olavs University Hospital.

Trondheim
City
From upper left: Outer city with Nidelva and sea port, Verftsbrua bridge, Trondheim Central Station at Brattøra, Inner city with Nidaros Cathedral, Old Town Bridge with Lykkens portal, Rosenborgbassenget at Nedre Elvehavn
Nickname(s): 
Stiftstaden
(English: "The Diocese City")
Location of the municipality
Trondheim
Trondheim
Coordinates: 63°25′47″N 10°23′36″E
CountryNorway
MunicipalityTrondheim
CountyTrøndelag
DistrictTrondheim Region
Established997
Government
  MayorRita Ottervik (Ap)
Area
  City321.81 km2 (124.25 sq mi)
  Urban
342.30 km2 (132.16 sq mi)
  Metro
7,295 km2 (2,817 sq mi)
Population
 (18 November 2020)
  City210 496 [1]
  Urban
186,364[2]
  Metro
279,234
  Metro density38/km2 (99/sq mi)
  Municipality/Urban rank
3rd/4th
  Metro rank
4th
Demonym(s)Trondheimer, Trondhjemmer,
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Websitewww.trondheim.kommune.no
Historical population
YearPop.±%
176911,315    
195156,582+400.1%
196059,286+4.8%
1970126,190+112.8%
1980134,726+6.8%
1990137,346+1.9%
2000148,859+8.4%
2010171,540+15.2%
2014183,960+7.2%
2022211,106+14.8%
Source: Statistics Norway[3][4]

The settlement was founded in 997 as a trading post, and it served as the capital of Norway during the Viking Age until 1217. From 1152 to 1537, the city was the seat of the Catholic Archdiocese of Nidaros; it then became, and has remained, the seat of the Lutheran Diocese of Nidaros, and the site of the Nidaros Cathedral. It was incorporated in 1838. The current municipality was formed in 1964, when Trondheim merged with Byneset, Leinstrand, Strinda and Tiller, and further expanded 1 January 2020, when Trondheim merged with Klæbu.

Trondheim has a mild climate for its northerly latitude, resulting in moderate summers and winters that often remain above the freezing point in seaside areas. At higher elevations, though, the microclimate is colder and snowier.

The city functions as the seat of the County Mayor of Trøndelag county, but not as its administrative centre (which is Steinkjer). This is designed to avoid making the county administration too centralized.

Trondheim is home to football club Rosenborg, Norway's most successful team, as well as Granåsen Ski Centre which has hosted the World Championship in Nordic Skiing.


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