Traditional grammar

Traditional grammar (also known as classical grammar) is a framework for the description of the structure of a language.[1] The roots of traditional grammar are in the work of classical Greek and Latin philologists.[2] The formal study of grammar based on these models became popular during the Renaissance.[3]

Traditional grammars may be contrasted with more modern theories of grammar in theoretical linguistics, which grew out of traditional descriptions.[3] While traditional grammars seek to describe how particular languages are used, or to teach people to speak or read them, grammar frameworks in contemporary linguistics often seek to explain the nature of language knowledge and ability.[4] Traditional grammar is often prescriptive, and may be regarded as unscientific by those working in linguistics.[5]

Traditional Western grammars classify words into parts of speech. They describe the patterns for word inflection, and the rules of syntax by which those words are combined into sentences.[6]

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