Togo (/ˈtɡ/ (listen)), officially the Togolese Republic (French: République togolaise), is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.[8] It extends south to the Gulf of Guinea, where its capital, Lomé, is located.[9] It covers about 57,000 square kilometres (22,000 square miles) with a population of approximately 8 million,[10] and has a width of less than 115 km (71 mi) between Ghana and its eastern neighbor Benin.[11][12]

Togolese Republic
République togolaise (French)
Motto: "Travail, Liberté, Patrie"[1] (French)
"Work, Liberty, Homeland"
Anthem: "Terre de nos aïeux" (French)
(English: "Land of our ancestors")
Location of Togo (dark blue)in the African Union (light blue)
Location of Togo (dark blue)

in the African Union (light blue)

and largest city
6°8′N 1°13′E
Official languages
Recognised national languages
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups
99% 37 African groups containing: Ewe, Kabye, Tem, Gourma,
1% European, Indian and Syro-Lebanese[2]
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential republic
Faure Gnassingbé
Victoire Tomegah Dogbé
LegislatureNational Assembly
from France
 Independence granted
27 April 1960
56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi) (123rd)
 Water (%)
 2022 estimate
8,492,333[4] (102nd)
125.9/km2 (326.1/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
Decrease$22.7 billion [5] (151st)
 Per capita
Decrease $2,612 [5] (175th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
Increase$8.5 billion [5] (157th)
 Per capita
Increase $916[5] (170th)
Gini (2015)Positive decrease 43.1[6]
HDI (2021)Increase 0.539[7]
low · 162th
CurrencyWest African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zoneUTC (GMT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+228
ISO 3166 codeTG
  1. Such as Ewe, Mina and Aja.
  2. Largest are the Ewe, Mina, Kotokoli Tem and Kabyè.
  3. Mostly European, Indian & Syrian-Lebanese.
  4. Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.
  5. Rankings based on 2017 figures (CIA World Factbook – "Togo")

From the 11th to the 16th century, tribes entered the region from various directions. From the 16th century to the 18th century, the coastal region was a trading center for Europeans to purchase slaves, earning Togo and the surrounding region the name "The Slave Coast". In 1884, Germany declared a region including a protectorate called Togoland. After World War I, rule over Togo was transferred to France. Togo gained its independence from France in 1960.[2][13] In 1967, Gnassingbé Eyadéma led a successful military coup d'état, after which he became president of an anti-communist, single-party state. In 1993, Eyadéma faced multiparty elections marred by irregularities, and won the presidency three times. At the time of his death, Eyadéma was the "longest-serving leader in modern African history", having been president for 38 years.[14] In 2005, his son Faure Gnassingbé was elected president.

Togo is a tropical, sub-Saharan nation[8] whose economy depends mostly on agriculture.[13] The official language is French,[13] but other languages are spoken, particularly those of the Gbe family. 47.8% of the population adhere to Christianity, making it the largest religion in the country.[15] Togo is a member of the United Nations, African Union, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, Francophonie, Commonwealth, and Economic Community of West African States.

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