Timurid dynasty

The Timurid dynasty (Persian: تیموریان), self-designated as Gurkani (Persian: گورکانیان, romanized: Gūrkāniyān, Chagatay: گورکانیان, romanized: Küregen), was a Sunni Muslim[1] dynasty or clan of Turco-Mongol origin[2][3][4][5] descended from the warlord Timur (also known as Tamerlane). The word "Gurkani" derives from "Gurkan", a Persianized form of the Mongolian word "Kuragan" meaning "son-in-law".[6] This was an honorific title used by the dynasty as the Timurids were in-laws of the line of Genghis Khan,[7] founder of the Mongol Empire, as Timur had married Saray Mulk Khanum, a direct descendant of Genghis Khan. Members of the Timurid dynasty signaled the Timurid Renaissance, and they were strongly influenced by Persian culture[2][8] and established two significant empires in history, the Timurid Empire (1370–1507) based in Persia and Central Asia, and the Mughal Empire (1526–1707) based in the Indian subcontinent.

Timurid dynasty
گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān
Parent houseBarlas
Country
Current regionCentral Asia
Greater Iran
Indian peninsula
Founded1370
FounderTimur
Final rulerBahadur Shah II
Titles
TraditionsSunni Islam (Hanafi)
Dissolution1857
Deposition
  • 1507 (Timurid Empire)
  • 1857 (Mughal Empire)
Cadet branchesMughal dynasty

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