The Left (Germany)

The Left (German: Die Linke; stylised as DIE LINKE[4] and in its logo as DIE LiNKE.), commonly referred to as the Left Party (German: Die Linkspartei [diː ˈlɪŋkspaʁˌtaɪ] (listen)), is a democratic socialist political party in Germany. The party was founded in 2007 as the result of the merger of the Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) and Labour and Social Justice – The Electoral Alternative. Through the PDS, the party is the direct descendant of the Marxist–Leninist ruling party of the former East Germany, the Socialist Unity Party of Germany.[5] Since 2021, The Left's co-chairpersons have been Janine Wissler and Susanne Hennig-Wellsow. The party holds 39 seats out of 736 in the Bundestag, the federal legislature of Germany, having won 4.9% of votes cast in the 2021 German federal election. Its parliamentary group is the smallest of six in the Bundestag, and is headed by parliamentary co-leaders Amira Mohamed Ali and Dietmar Bartsch.

The Left
Die Linke
Deputy Chairpersons
SecretaryTobias Bank
Founded16 June 2007 (2007-06-16)
Merger ofPDS
HeadquartersKarl-Liebknecht-Haus Kleine Alexanderstraße 28 D-10178 Berlin
Think tankRosa Luxemburg Foundation
Student wingDie Linke.SDS
Youth wingLeft Youth Solid
Membership (2020) 60,350
IdeologyDemocratic socialism
Left-wing populism
Political positionLeft-wing[1][lower-alpha 1]
European affiliationPEL
European Parliament groupGUE/NGL
Colours  Red (official)[lower-alpha 2]
  Purple (customary)[lower-alpha 3]
39 / 736
4 / 69
State Parliaments
128 / 1,884
European Parliament
5 / 96
Ministers-president of states
1 / 16
Party flag

The Left is represented in ten of Germany's sixteen state legislatures, including all five of the eastern states. As of 2021, the party participates in governments in the states of Berlin, Bremen, and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern as a junior partner, as well as in Thuringia, where it leads a coalition with the Social Democratic Party and The Greens headed by Minister-President Bodo Ramelow. The Left is a founding member of the Party of the European Left, and is the third-largest party in the European United Left–Nordic Green Left group in the European Parliament. In December 2020, The Left had 60,350 registered members, making it the sixth-largest party in Germany by membership. The Left promotes anti-capitalism, anti-fascism, and anti-militarism, and is neutral on European integration. It is the furthest left-wing party of the six represented in the Bundestag.

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