Teutonic Order

The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem,[2] commonly known as the Teutonic Order, is a Catholic religious institution founded as a military society c.1190 in Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem. It was formed to aid Christians on their pilgrimages to the Holy Land and to establish hospitals. Its members have commonly been known as the Teutonic Knights, having a small voluntary and mercenary military membership, serving as a crusading military order for the protection of Christians in the Holy Land and the Baltics during the Middle Ages.

Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem
The coat of arms in the style of the 14th century
Activec. 1190  present
Allegiance The Holy See (c. 1190  present)
 Holy Roman Empire (1190–1806)
 Kingdom of Jerusalem (1190–1291)
Kingdom of Sicily (1191–1484)
Kingdom of Cyprus (1197–1350)
Kingdom of Bohemia (1198–1918)
Republic of Venice (1209–1500)
Kingdom of Hungary (1211–1225; 1429–1432; 1702–1731)
State of the Teutonic Order (1226–1525)
Terra Mariana & Livonian Confederation (1237–1561)
Kingdom of Poland (1466–1525)
Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1559–1561)
 Austrian Empire & Austria-Hungary (1804–1918)
 Kingdom of Bavaria (1805–1809)
 Kingdom of Württemberg (1805–1809)
Confederation of the Rhine (1806–1809)
Grand Duchy of Baden (1806–1809)
 Grand Duchy of Hesse (1806–1809)
Republic of German Austria & First Austrian Republic (1918–1934)
First & Second Czechoslovak Republic (1918–1939)
 Federal State of Austria (1934–1938)
Second Austrian Republic (1945–)
Federal Republic of Germany (1949–)
Czech Republic (1993–)
TypeCatholic religious order
(1192–1929 as military order)
Headquarters
Nickname(s)Teutonic Knights, German Order
Patron
AttireWhite mantle with a black cross
Commanders
First Grand MasterHeinrich Walpot von Bassenheim
Current Grand MasterFrank Bayard[1]

Purely religious since 1810, the Teutonic Order still confers limited honorary knighthoods.[3] The Bailiwick of Utrecht of the Teutonic Order, a Protestant chivalric order, is descended from the same medieval military order and also continues to award knighthoods and perform charitable work.[4]


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