Territory of the Saar Basin

The Territory of the Saar Basin (German: Saarbeckengebiet, Saarterritorium;[1] French: Territoire du bassin de la Sarre) was a region of Germany occupied and governed by the United Kingdom and France from 1920 to 1935 under a League of Nations mandate. It had its own flag (adopted on July 28, 1920): a blue, white, and black horizontal tricolour. The blue and white stood for Bavaria, and white and black for Prussia, out of whose lands the Saar Territory was formed. Initially, the occupation was under the auspices of the Treaty of Versailles.[2] Its population in 1933 was 812,000, and its capital was Saarbrücken.[3] The territory closely corresponds with the modern German state of Saarland, but was slightly smaller in area.[4] After a plebiscite was held in 1935, it was returned to Germany.

Territory of the Saar Basin
Saarbeckengebiet, Saarterritorium  (German)
Territoire du bassin de la Sarre  (French)
1920–1935
Coat of arms
Maps of the Territory of the Saar Basin
-The Saar Basin (red)
-The Saar basin (purple)
StatusTerritory under League of Nations protection
CapitalSaarbrücken
Common languagesFrench
German
Rhine Franconian
Moselle Franconian
Demonym(s)Saar
GovernmentSpecial territory
Commission Chairman 
 1920–1926
Victor Rault [de]
 1926–1927
G. W. Stephens
 1927–1932
Ernest Wilton
 1932–1935
Geoffrey Knox
President of the Landesrat 
 1922–1924
B. Koßmann [de]
 1924–1935
Peter Scheuer [de]
Historical eraInterwar period
10 January 1920
13 January 1935
 Disestablished
1 March 1935
Area
 Total
1,907.57 km2 (736.52 sq mi)
Population
 1933
812,000
CurrencySaar franc
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Free State of Prussia
Rhine Province
Free State of Bavaria
Circle of Rhine
Gau Westmark
Today part ofGermany

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