Territory of the Saar Basin

The Territory of the Saar Basin (German: Saarbeckengebiet, Saarterritorium;[1] French: Territoire du bassin de la Sarre) was a region of Germany occupied and governed by the United Kingdom and France from 1920 to 1935 under a League of Nations mandate. It had its own flag (adopted on July 28, 1920): a blue, white, and black horizontal tricolour. The blue and white stood for Bavaria, and white and black for Prussia, out of whose lands the Saar Territory was formed. Initially, the occupation was under the auspices of the Treaty of Versailles.[2] Its population in 1933 was 812,000, and its capital was Saarbrücken.[3] The territory closely corresponds with the modern German state of Saarland, but was slightly smaller in area.[4] After a plebiscite was held in 1935, it was returned to Germany.

Territory of the Saar Basin
Saarbeckengebiet, Saarterritorium  (German)
Territoire du bassin de la Sarre  (French)
Coat of arms
Maps of the Territory of the Saar Basin
-The Saar Basin (red)
-The Saar basin (purple)
StatusTerritory under League of Nations protection
Common languagesFrench
Rhine Franconian
Moselle Franconian
GovernmentSpecial territory
Commission Chairman 
Victor Rault [de]
G. W. Stephens
Ernest Wilton
Geoffrey Knox
President of the Landesrat 
B. Koßmann [de]
Peter Scheuer [de]
Historical eraInterwar period
10 January 1920
13 January 1935
1 March 1935
1,907.57 km2 (736.52 sq mi)
CurrencySaar franc
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Free State of Prussia
Rhine Province
Free State of Bavaria
Circle of Rhine
Gau Westmark
Today part ofGermany

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