State governments of the United States

State governments of the United States are institutional units exercising functions of government at a level below that of the federal government. Each U.S. State's government holds legislative, executive, and judicial authority over[1] a defined geographic territory. The United States comprises 50 States: 9 of the Thirteen Colonies that were already part of the United States at the time the present Constitution took effect in 1789, 4 that ratified the Constitution after its commencement, plus 37 that have been admitted since by Congress as authorized under Article IV, Section 3 of the Constitution.[2]

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