Standard German

Standard High German (SHG),[3] less precisely Standard German or High German (not to be confused with High German dialects, more precisely Upper German dialects) (German: Standardhochdeutsch, Standarddeutsch, Hochdeutsch or, in Switzerland, Schriftdeutsch), is the standardized variety of the German language used in formal contexts and for communication between different dialect areas. It is a pluricentric Dachsprache with three codified (or standardised) specific regional variants: German Standard German, Austrian Standard German and Swiss Standard German.

Standard High German
Standard German, High German, also often simply German
Standardhochdeutsch, Standarddeutsch, Hochdeutsch
RegionGerman-speaking Europe
Native speakers
76 million (2022)[1]
Early forms
Standard forms
Signed German
Official status
Regulated byCouncil for German Orthography[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-1de
ISO 639-2ger (B)
deu (T)
ISO 639-3deu
Glottologstan1295
Linguasphere52-ACB–dl

Regarding the spelling and punctuation, a recommended standard is published by the Council for German Orthography which represents the governments of all majority and minority German-speaking countries and dependencies.[4] Adherence is obligatory for government institutions, including schools. Regarding the pronunciation, although there is no official standards body, there is a long-standing de facto standard pronunciation (Bühnendeutsch), most commonly used in formal speech and teaching materials. It is similar to the formal German spoken in and around Hanover. Adherence to those standards by private individuals and companies, including the print and audio-visual media, is voluntary but widespread.


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