Somaliland nationality law

Somaliland a self-declared independent country in the Horn of Africa[1] in which inhabitants were initially governed by various kinship networks.[2] Upon contact with Europeans, treaties were signed in the area to secure rights to trade in the territory in exchange for protection of clans from rivals.[3] Britain formally extended a protectorate over British Somaliland in 1898. Inhabitants of Somaliland were British Protected Persons from that date until they gained their independence in 1960 and joined in the union of their state with Italian Somaliland to form the Somali Republic.[4] Inhabitants derive their nationality from Somali law.[5][6][7] The legal means to acquire nationality, formal legal membership in a sovereign nation, differ from the domestic relationship of rights and obligations between a citizen within its nation, known as citizenship. Nationality describes the relationship of an individual to the nation under international law, whereas citizenship is the domestic relationship of an individual within the state.[8][9] As the African Union, United Nations, and no independent nation has recognized its national sovereignty, Somaliland's inhabitants are Somali nationals,[10][11] but since declaring its independence in 1991, it has de facto authority to control internal affairs and citizenship within its territory.[5][12][13]

Somaliland Citizenship Act
Parliament of Somaliland
  • An Act relating to Somaliland citizenship
Enacted byParliament of Somaliland
Enacted1 March 2002
Signed byPresident Dahir Riyale Kahin
Status: Current legislation

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