Somali nationality law

Somali nationality law is regulated by the Constitution of Somalia, as amended; the Somali Citizenship Law, and its revisions; and various international agreements to which the country is a signatory.[1][2] These laws determine who is, or is eligible to be, a national of Somalia and Somaliland.[3][4] The legal means to acquire nationality, formal legal membership in a nation, differ from the domestic relationship of rights and obligations between a national and the nation, known as citizenship. Nationality describes the relationship of an individual to the nation under international law, whereas citizenship is the domestic relationship of an individual and the state.[5][6][Notes 1] Somali nationality is typically obtained under the principle of jus soli, i.e. by birth in Somalia or Somaliland, or jus sanguinis, born to parents with Somali nationality.[9][4] It can be granted to persons with an affiliation to the country, or to a permanent resident who has lived in the country for a given period of time through grant (naturalization).[10]

Somali Citizenship Law
Parliament of Somalia
  • An Act relating to Somali citizenship
Enacted byGovernment of Somalia
Enacted22 December 1962
Status: Current legislation

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