Siege of Kut

The siege of Kut Al Amara (7 December 1915 – 29 April 1916), also known as the first battle of Kut, was the besieging of an 8,000 strong British Army garrison in the town of Kut, 160 km (100 mi) south of Baghdad, by the Ottoman Army. In 1915, its population was around 6,500. Following the surrender of the garrison on 29 April 1916, the survivors of the siege were marched to imprisonment at Aleppo, during which many died.[4] Historian Christopher Catherwood has called the siege "the worst defeat of the Allies in World War I".[5] Ten months later, the British Indian Army, consisting almost entirely of newly recruited troops from Western India, conquered Kut, Baghdad and other regions in between in the Fall of Baghdad.

Siege of Kut
Part of the Mesopotamian Campaign of World War I

Charles Townshend and Halil Pasha after the fall of Kut
Date7 December 1915 – 29 April 1916
Location
Kut-al-Amara, Mesopotamia (modern Iraq)
32°30′20″N 45°49′29″E
Result Ottoman victory
Belligerents

 United Kingdom

 Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Charles Townshend  Nureddin Pasha
Halil Pasha
C.F. von der Goltz
Strength
45,000 33,596 (December 1915)[1]
Casualties and losses
23,000 dead or wounded[2]
13,164 captured including 6 generals[3]
unknown
Location within Iraq
Siege of Kut (Middle East)

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