Shoshoni language

Shoshoni, also written as Shoshoni-Gosiute and Shoshone (/ʃˈʃni/;[2] Shoshoni: soni' ta̲i̲kwappe, newe ta̲i̲kwappe or neme ta̲i̲kwappeh) is a Numic language of the Uto-Aztecan family, spoken in the Western United States by the Shoshone people. Shoshoni is primarily spoken in the Great Basin, in areas of Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, and Idaho.[3]:1

Sosoni' ta̲i̲kwappe, Neme ta̲i̲kwappeh
Native toUnited States
RegionWyoming, Utah, Nevada, Idaho
EthnicityShoshone people
Native speakers
1,000 (2007)[1]
1,000 additional non-fluent speakers (2007)[1]
  • Numic
    • Central Numic
      • Shoshoni
Early form
  • Western Shoshoni
  • Northern Shoshoni
  • Gosiute
  • Eastern Shoshoni
Language codes
ISO 639-3shh
Map of the Shoshoni (and Timbisha) languages prior to European contact
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The consonant inventory of Shoshoni is rather small, but a much wider range of surface forms of these phonemes appear in the spoken language. The language has six vowels, distinguished by length.[3]:3 Shoshoni is a strongly suffixing language, and it inflects for nominal number and case and for verbal aspect and tense using suffixes. Word order is relatively free but shows a preference toward SXV order.[4]

The endonyms newe ta̲i̲kwappe and Sosoni' ta̲i̲kwappe mean "the people's language" and "the Shoshoni language," respectively.[5]:5,176 Shoshoni is classified as threatened, although attempts at revitalization are underway.[6]

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Shoshoni language, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.