Second Seminole War

The Second Seminole War, also known as the Florida War, was a conflict from 1835 to 1842 in Florida between the United States and groups collectively known as Seminoles, consisting of Native Americans and Black Indians. It was part of a series of conflicts called the Seminole Wars. The Second Seminole War, often referred to as the Seminole War, is regarded as "the longest and most costly of the Indian conflicts of the United States".[12]

Second Seminole War
Part of the Seminole Wars and Indian removal

Rampage during the Second Seminole War.
DateDecember 23, 1835 – August 14, 1842
(6 years, 7 months, 3 weeks and 1 day)
Location
Florida, United States
Result Nominal end to conflict; no peace treaty; approximately 4,000 Seminoles forcibly transported to Indian Territory; approximately 350 Seminoles remained in Florida; unresolved conflict led to Third Seminole War in 1855.[1][2][3][4]
Belligerents
 United States Seminole
Commanders and leaders
Andrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren
William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
Duncan Lamont Clinch
Francis L. Dade (1835) 
Winfield Scott (1836)
David Moniac (1836) 
Richard Keith Call (1836)
Richard Gentry (1837) 
Thomas S. Jesup (1836–38)
Zachary Taylor (1838–40)
Walker Keith Armistead (1840–41)
William Jenkins Worth (1841–42)
Osceola
John Horse
Holata Mico (Billy Bowlegs)
Abiaca (Sam Jones)
Micanopy
Coacoochee (Wild Cat)
Halleck Tustenuggee
Halpatter Tustenuggee (Alligator)
Strength
more than 9,000 in 1837[5] cumulative 10,169 regulars, 30,000 militia and volunteers[6] 900–1,400 warriors in 1835,[7] fewer than 100 in 1842[8]
Casualties and losses
1,600 military, unknown civilian[9] 3,000[10][11]

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