Saadi Shirazi

Saadi Shīrāzī[2] (Persian: ابومحمّد مصلح‌الدین بن عبدالله شیرازی), better known by his pen name Saadi (/ˈsɑːdi/;[3] Persian: سعدی, romanized: Saʿdī, IPA: [sæʔˈdiː]), also known as Sadi of Shiraz (سعدی شیرازی, Saʿdī Shīrāzī; born 1210; died 1291 or 1292), was a major Persian poet and prose writer[1][4] of the medieval period. He is recognized for the quality of his writings and for the depth of his social and moral thoughts.

Saadi Shirazi
Saadi in a rose garden, from a Mughal manuscript of his work Gulistan, c. 1645. Saadi is on the right.
Born1210[1]
Died1291 or 1292 (aged 80 to 82)[1]
SchoolPersian poetry, Persian literature
Main interests
Poetry, mysticism, logic, ethics, Sufism

Saadi is widely recognized as one of the greatest poets of the classical literary tradition, earning him the nickname "The Master of Speech" or "The Wordsmith" (استاد سخن ostâd-e soxan) or simply "Master" (استاد ostâd) among Persian scholars. He has been quoted in the Western traditions as well.[1] Bustan has been ranked as one of the 100 greatest books of all time by The Guardian.[5]


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