Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Rūmī (Persian: جلالالدین محمد رومی), also known as Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī (جلالالدین محمد بلخى), Mevlânâ/Mawlānā (Persian: مولانا, lit. 'our master'), and Mevlevî/Mawlawī (Persian: مولوی, lit. 'my master'), but more popularly known simply as Rumi (30 September 1207 – 17 December 1273), was a 13th-century Persian poet, Hanafi faqih, Islamic scholar, Maturidi theologian, and Sufi mystic originally from Greater Khorasan in Greater Iran. Rumi's influence transcends national borders and ethnic divisions: Iranians, Tajiks, Turks, Greeks, Pashtuns, other Central Asian Muslims, and the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent have greatly appreciated his spiritual legacy for the past seven centuries. His poems have been widely translated into many of the world's languages and transposed into various formats. Rumi has been described as the "most popular poet" and the "best selling poet" in the United States.
|Title||Mevlânâ, Mawlānā, Mevlevî, Mawlawī|
|Born||30 September 1207|
|Died||17 December 1273 (aged 66)|
|Resting place||Tomb of Mevlana Rumi, Mevlana Museum, Konya, Turkey|
|Era||Islamic Golden Age |
(7th Islamic century)
|Region||Khwarezmian Empire (Balkh: 1207–1212, 1213–1217; Samarkand: 1212–1213)|
Sultanate of Rum (Malatya: 1217–1219; Akşehir: 1219–1222; Larende: 1222–1228; Konya: 1228–1273)
|Main interest(s)||Sufi poetry, Hanafi jurisprudence, Maturidi theology|
|Notable idea(s)||Sufi whirling, Muraqaba|
|Notable work(s)||Mathnawī-ī ma'nawī, Dīwān-ī Shams-ī Tabrīzī, Fīhi mā fīhi|
|Part of a series on Islam|
Rumi's works are written mostly in Persian, but occasionally he also used Turkish, Arabic, and Greek in his verse. His Masnavi (Mathnawi), composed in Konya, is considered one of the greatest poems of the Persian language. His works are widely read today in their original language across Greater Iran and the Persian-speaking world. Translations of his works are very popular, most notably in Turkey, Azerbaijan, the United States, and South Asia. His poetry has influenced not only Persian literature, but also the literary traditions of the Ottoman Turkish, Chagatai, Urdu, Bengali and Pashto languages.