Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Rūmī (Persian: جلال‌الدین محمد رومی), also known as Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī (جلال‌الدین محمد بلخى), Mevlânâ/Mawlānā (Persian: مولانا, lit.'our master'), and Mevlevî/Mawlawī (Persian: مولوی, lit.'my master'), but more popularly known simply as Rumi (30 September 1207 – 17 December 1273), was a 13th-century Persian[11][1][12] poet, Hanafi faqih, Islamic scholar, Maturidi theologian, and Sufi mystic originally from Greater Khorasan in Greater Iran.[12][13] Rumi's influence transcends national borders and ethnic divisions: Iranians, Tajiks, Turks, Greeks, Pashtuns, other Central Asian Muslims, and the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent have greatly appreciated his spiritual legacy for the past seven centuries.[14] His poems have been widely translated into many of the world's languages and transposed into various formats. Rumi has been described as the "most popular poet"[15] and the "best selling poet" in the United States.[16][17]

Statue of Rumi in Buca, Turkey
TitleMevlânâ, Mawlānā,[1] Mevlevî, Mawlawī
Born30 September 1207
Died17 December 1273 (aged 66)
Resting placeTomb of Mevlana Rumi, Mevlana Museum, Konya, Turkey
ChildrenSultan Walad
EraIslamic Golden Age
(7th Islamic century)
RegionKhwarezmian Empire (Balkh: 1207–1212, 1213–1217; Samarkand: 1212–1213)[5][6]
Sultanate of Rum (Malatya: 1217–1219; Akşehir: 1219–1222; Larende: 1222–1228; Konya: 1228–1273)[5]
Main interest(s)Sufi poetry, Hanafi jurisprudence, Maturidi theology
Notable idea(s)Sufi whirling, Muraqaba
Notable work(s)Mathnawī-ī ma'nawī, Dīwān-ī Shams-ī Tabrīzī, Fīhi mā fīhi
Muslim leader

Rumi's works are written mostly in Persian, but occasionally he also used Turkish,[18] Arabic,[19] and Greek[20][21][22] in his verse. His Masnavi (Mathnawi), composed in Konya, is considered one of the greatest poems of the Persian language.[23][24] His works are widely read today in their original language across Greater Iran and the Persian-speaking world.[25][26] Translations of his works are very popular, most notably in Turkey, Azerbaijan, the United States, and South Asia.[27] His poetry has influenced not only Persian literature, but also the literary traditions of the Ottoman Turkish, Chagatai, Urdu, Bengali and Pashto languages.[28][29]

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