Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's air and space force.[3] It was formed towards the end of the First World War on 1 April 1918, becoming the first independent air force in the world, by regrouping the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) and the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS).[4] Following the Allied victory over the Central Powers in 1918, the RAF emerged as the largest air force in the world at the time.[5] Since its formation, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history. In particular, during the Second World War, the RAF established clear air superiority over Hermann Göring's Luftwaffe in the Battle of Britain, and led the allied strategic bombing effort.[6]

Royal Air Force
Founded1 April 1918; 105 years ago (1918-04-01)
CountryUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
TypeAir and space force
RoleAerial and space warfare
  • 32,740 active personnel (2022)[1]
  • 3,200 reserve personnel (2022)[1][note 1]
Part ofBritish Armed Forces
Ministry of Defence
Air Staff OfficesWhitehall, London
Motto(s)"Per Ardua ad Astra" (Latin)
(Through Adversity to the Stars)
ColoursRed, white, blue
MarchQuick: Royal Air Force March Past
Slow: Saeculum[2]
Anniversaries1 April
Engagements Edit this at Wikidata
Commander-in-Chief King Charles III
Secretary of State for Defence Rt Hon Ben Wallace MP
Chief of the Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Sir Richard Knighton
Deputy Commander Operations Air Marshal Harvey Smyth
Deputy Commander Capability Air Marshal Richard Maddison
Warrant Officer of the Royal Air Force Warrant Officer Murugesvaran Subramaniam
Fin flash
Aircraft flown
AttackGeneral Atomics MQ-9A Reaper
FighterEurofighter Typhoon FGR4, Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning
HelicopterBoeing Chinook HC4/5/6/6A, Leonardo AW109SP GrandNew, Westland Puma HC2
ReconnaissanceBoeing P-8 Poseidon MRA1, Boeing RC-135W Rivet Joint, General Atomics MQ-9A Reaper, Hawker Beechcraft Shadow R1/R1A
TrainerBAe Hawk T1/T2, Beechcraft Texan T1, Embraer Phenom T1, Eurofighter Typhoon T3, Grob Viking T1, Grob Prefect T1, Grob Tutor T1, Airbus Helicopters Juno HT1, Airbus Helicopters Jupiter HT1
TransportAirbus Voyager KC2/KC3, Airbus A400M Atlas C1, Boeing C-17 Globemaster III, Lockheed Martin Hercules C4/C5, Dassault Envoy IV CC1
TankerAirbus Voyager KC2/KC3

The RAF's mission is to support the objectives of the British Ministry of Defence (MOD), which are to "provide the capabilities needed to ensure the security and defence of the United Kingdom and overseas territories, including against terrorism; to support the Government's foreign policy objectives particularly in promoting international peace and security".[7] The RAF describes its mission statement as "... [to provide] an agile, adaptable and capable Air Force that, person for person, is second to none, and that makes a decisive air power contribution in support of the UK Defence Mission".[8] The mission statement is supported by the RAF's definition of air power, which guides its strategy. Air power is defined as "the ability to project power from the air and space to influence the behaviour of people or the course of events".[9]

Today, the Royal Air Force maintains an operational fleet of various types of aircraft,[10] described by the RAF as being "leading-edge" in terms of technology.[11] This largely consists of fixed-wing aircraft, including those in the following roles: fighter and strike, airborne early warning and control, intelligence, surveillance, target acquisition, and reconnaissance (ISTAR), signals intelligence (SIGINT), maritime patrol, air-to-air refuelling (AAR) and strategic & tactical transport. The majority of the RAF's rotary-wing aircraft form part of the tri-service Joint Helicopter Command in support of ground forces. Most of the RAF's aircraft and personnel are based in the UK, with many others serving on global operations (principally over Iraq and Syria) or at long-established overseas bases (Ascension Island, Cyprus, Gibraltar, and the Falkland Islands). Although the RAF is the principal British air power arm, the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm and the British Army's Army Air Corps also operate armed aircraft.

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