Romanians

The Romanians (Romanian: români, pronounced [roˈmɨnʲ]; dated exonym Vlachs) are a Romance-speaking[55][56][57][58] ethnic group. Sharing a common Romanian culture and ancestry, and speaking the Romanian language, they live primarily in Romania and Moldova. The 2011 Romanian census found that just under 89% of Romania's citizens identified themselves as ethnic Romanians.

Romanians
Români
Ethnic distribution of Romanians around the world
Total population
c. 22.8–24.8 million[1] (including Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups living abroad)
Regions with significant populations
 Romania 16,792,868 (2011 Romanian census)[2]
 Moldova 192,800 (2014 Moldovan census)[3][4]
Other countries
 Italy1,206,938 migrants from Romania, of all ethnic groups[5]
 Germany748,225–1,500,000 migrants from Romania of all ethnic groups, including a wide range of Romanian Germans as well[6][7][8]
 Spain671,985–1,079,726 (2021) Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups. The second number includes all Romanians in Spain, thus taking into account second and third generation Romanians or nationalized ones that count as Spanish in the census.[9][10]
 United Kingdom345,000 Romanian-born residents (2020)[11]
 France200,000 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[12]
 Ukraine150,989[13]
 Austria131,788 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups, including many Transylvanian Saxons as well[14]
 Belgium92,746 migrants from Romania, of all ethnic groups[15]
 Greece46,523 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[16]
 Netherlands39,654 migrants from Romania, of all ethnic groups[17]
 Hungary36,506[18]
 Denmark34,960 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[19]
 Sweden32,294 born in Romania, of all ethnic groups[20]
 Portugal31,065 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[21]
 Serbia29,332[22]
 Ireland29,186 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[23]
Cyprus24,376 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[24]
 Switzerland21,593 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[25]
 Norway18,625 migrants of Romania, of all ethnic groups[26]
 Czech Republic14,684 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[27][28]
 Turkey14,411 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[29]
 Luxembourg5,209 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[30]
 Polandc. 5,000[31]
 Slovakia4,941 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[32]
 Finland4,902 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[33]
 Russia3,201[34]
 Malta2,000[citation needed]
 Iceland1,463 Romanian citizens of all ethnic groups[35]
 Bulgaria891[36]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina100[37]
 United States518,653–1,400,000 (incl. mixed origin, Romanian Germans and Romanian Jews)[38][39][40][41][42]
 Canada204,625–400,000 (incl. mixed origin)[43][44]
 Mexico500
 Brazil200,000 migrants from Romania and Romanian citizens, of all ethnic groups[45]
 Venezuela10,000 migrants from Romania, of all ethnic groups[46]
 Argentina10,000 of Romanian origin, including Romanian Jews and Romanian Romani[47]
 Colombia350[48]
 Uruguay200[48]
 Peru174[48]
 Australia20,998 first and second generation migrants from Romania, of all ethnic groups[49]
 New Zealand3,100[50]
 Kazakhstan421[51][52]
 Israel100,823[53]
 Vietnam100[48]
 South Africa2,828[54]
 Egypt420[48]
Languages
Romanian
Religion
Predominantly Orthodox Christianity
(Romanian Orthodox Church),
also Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic, and Protestant
Related ethnic groups
Other Romance-speaking peoples
(most notably Moldovans, Aromanians, Megleno-Romanians, and Istro-Romanians)

In one interpretation of the 1989 census results in Moldova, the majority of Moldovans were counted as ethnic Romanians.[59][60] Romanians also form an ethnic minority in several nearby countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

Estimates of the number of Romanian people worldwide vary from 24 to 30 million, in part depending on whether the definition of the term "Romanian" includes natives of both Romania and Moldova, their respective diasporas, and native speakers of both Romanian and other Balkan Romance languages. Other speakers of the latter languages are the Aromanians, the Megleno-Romanians, and the Istro-Romanians, which may be considered Romanian subgroups or separated yet related ethnicities.


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