Romanian language

Romanian (obsolete spellings: Rumanian or Roumanian; autonym: limba română [ˈlimba roˈmɨnə] (listen), or românește, lit.'in Romanian') is an Eastern Romance language spoken by approximately 22–26 million people[3][4] as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.[5][6] According to another estimate, there are about 34 million people worldwide who can speak Romanian, of whom 30 million speak it as a native language.[7][need quotation to verify] It is an official and national language of both Romania and Moldova and is one of the official languages of the European Union.

limba română
лимба ромынэ (in Moldovan Cyrillic)
Native toRomania, Moldova
Native speakers
23.6–24 million (2016)[1]
Second language: 4 million
L1+L2 speakers: 28 million[2]
Early forms
Latin (Romanian alphabet)
Romanian Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Serbia (in Vojvodina)
 European Union
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byRomanian Academy
Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Language codes
ISO 639-1ro
ISO 639-2rum (B)
ron (T)
ISO 639-3ron
Linguasphere51-AAD-c (varieties: 51-AAD-ca to -ck)
Blue: region where Romanian is the dominant language. Cyan: areas with a notable minority of Romanian speakers.
Distribution of the Romanian language in Romania, Moldova and surroundings
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A Romanian speaker (with a Transylvanian accent), recorded in Romania

Romanian is a part of the Eastern Romance sub-branch of Romance languages, a linguistic group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin which separated from the Western Romance languages in the course of the period from the 5th to the 8th centuries.[8] To distinguish it within the Eastern Romance languages, in comparative linguistics it is called Daco-Romanian as opposed to its closest relatives, Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian and Istro-Romanian. Romanian is also known as Moldovan in Moldova, although the Constitutional Court of Moldova ruled in 2013 that "the official language of the republic is Romanian".[nb 1]

Numerous immigrant Romanian speakers live scattered across many other regions and countries worldwide, with large populations in Italy, Spain, Germany, the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States.

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