Romanian language

Romanian (obsolete spellings: Rumanian or Roumanian; autonym: limba română [ˈlimba roˈmɨnə] (listen), or românește, lit.'in Romanian') is an Eastern Romance language spoken by approximately 22–26 million people[3][4] as a native language, primarily in Romania and Moldova, and by another 4 million people as a second language.[5][6] According to another estimate, there are about 34 million people worldwide who can speak Romanian, of whom 30 million speak it as a native language.[7][need quotation to verify] It is an official and national language of both Romania and Moldova and is one of the official languages of the European Union.

Romanian
Daco-Romanian
limba română
лимба ромынэ (in Moldovan Cyrillic)
Pronunciation[roˈmɨnə]
Native toRomania, Moldova
EthnicityRomanians
Moldovans
Native speakers
23.6–24 million (2016)[1]
Second language: 4 million
L1+L2 speakers: 28 million[2]
Early forms
Dialects
Latin (Romanian alphabet)
Cyrillic:
Romanian Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Romania
 Moldova
 Serbia (in Vojvodina)
 European Union
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byRomanian Academy
Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Language codes
ISO 639-1ro
ISO 639-2rum (B)
ron (T)
ISO 639-3ron
Glottologroma1327
Linguasphere51-AAD-c (varieties: 51-AAD-ca to -ck)
Blue: region where Romanian is the dominant language. Cyan: areas with a notable minority of Romanian speakers.
Distribution of the Romanian language in Romania, Moldova and surroundings
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A Romanian speaker (with a Transylvanian accent), recorded in Romania

Romanian is a part of the Eastern Romance sub-branch of Romance languages, a linguistic group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin which separated from the Western Romance languages in the course of the period from the 5th to the 8th centuries.[8] To distinguish it within the Eastern Romance languages, in comparative linguistics it is called Daco-Romanian as opposed to its closest relatives, Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian and Istro-Romanian. Romanian is also known as Moldovan in Moldova, although the Constitutional Court of Moldova ruled in 2013 that "the official language of the republic is Romanian".[nb 1]

Numerous immigrant Romanian speakers live scattered across many other regions and countries worldwide, with large populations in Italy, Spain, Germany, the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States.


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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Romanian language, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.