Roman army

The Roman army (Latin: exercitus Romanus) was the armed forces deployed by the Romans throughout the duration of Ancient Rome, from the Roman Kingdom (753 BC-509 BC) to the Roman Republic (509 BC-27 BC) and the Roman Empire (27 BC–476 AD), and its medieval continuation, the Eastern Roman Empire. It is thus a term that may span approximately 2,205 years (753 BC–1453 AD), during which the Roman armed forces underwent numerous permutations in size, composition, organisation, equipment and tactics, while conserving a core of lasting traditions.[1][2][3]

Exercitus Romanus
Vexillum with the imperial aquila
Active753 BC – 1453 AD
CountryRoman Kingdom
Roman Republic
Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
Byzantine Empire
Size28–50 legions
Isca Augusta
Motto(s)'Gloria Exercitus'
EngagementsRoman–Gallic wars
Samnite Wars
Pyrrhic War
Punic War
Macedonian Wars
Jugurthine War
Mithridatic War
Gallic Wars
Roman civil wars
Roman invasion of Britain
Roman–Germanic wars
Domitian's Dacian War
Trajan's Dacian Wars
Roman–Parthian War of 58–63
Jewish–Roman wars
The Great Illyrian Revolt
(de facto; 27 BC–1453 AD)
(de jure; 27 BC–1453 AD, 509 BC–27 BC)
(753 BC–509 BC)
Notable commandersMarcus Furius Camillus
Scipio Africanus
Gaius Marius
Julius Caesar
Flavius Stilicho
Flavius Belisarius
Coin showing (obverse) head of the late Roman emperor Julian (ruled 361–363 AD) wearing diadem and (reverse) soldier bearing standard holding kneeling barbarian captive by the hair, legend and Myth VIRTUS EXERCITUS ROMANORUM ("Valour of Roman army"). Gold solidus. Sirmium mint.

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