Rio de Janeiro (state)

Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u d(ʒi) ʒɐˈnejɾu] (listen))[lower-alpha 1] is one of the 27 federative units of Brazil. It has the second largest economy of Brazil, with the largest being that of the state of São Paulo.[4] The state, which has 8.2% of the Brazilian population, is responsible for 9.2% of the Brazilian GDP.[5][6][7][8]

Rio de Janeiro
Estado do Rio de Janeiro
State of Rio de Janeiro
Nickname(s): 
Beautiful state
Motto(s): 
Recte Rem Publicam Gerere (Latin)
"Conduct the affairs of the public with righteousness"
Anthem: Hino 15 de Novembro
Coordinates (Brazil): 22°54′S 43°12′W
Country Brazil
FoundedDecember 8, 1897
Capital Rio de Janeiro
Government
  GovernorCláudio Castro (PL)
  Vice GovernorVacant
  SenatorsCarlos Portinho (PL)
Flávio Bolsonaro (PL)
Romário Faria (PL)
Area
  Total43,696.1 km2 (16,871.2 sq mi)
  Rank24th
Population
 (2010)[1]
  Total15,989,929
  Estimate 
(2021)
17,463,349
  Rank3rd
  Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
   Rank2nd
Demonym(s)Fluminense
GDP
  Year2017 estimate
  TotalUS$308 billions (PPP) US$195 billions (nominal) [2] (2nd)
  Per capitaUS$18.432 (PPP) US$11.687 (nominal) [2] (3rd)
HDI
  Year2017
  Category0.796[3]high (4th)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
Postal Code
20000-000 to 28990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-RJ
License Plate Letter SequenceKMF to LVE, RIO, RIP to RKV, RSG to RST
Websiterj.gov.br

The state of Rio de Janeiro is located within the Brazilian geopolitical region classified as the Southeast (assigned by IBGE). Rio de Janeiro shares borders with all the other states in the same Southeast macroregion: Minas Gerais (N and NW), Espírito Santo (NE) and São Paulo (SW). It is bounded on the east and south by the South Atlantic Ocean. Rio de Janeiro has an area of 43,653 km2 (16,855 sq mi). Its capital is the city of Rio de Janeiro, which was the capital of the Portuguese Colony of Brazil from 1763 to 1815, of the following United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves from 1815 to 1822, and of later independent Brazil as a kingdom and republic from 1822 to 1960.

The state's 22 largest cities are Rio de Janeiro, São Gonçalo, Duque de Caxias, Nova Iguaçu, Niterói, Campos dos Goytacazes, Belford Roxo, São João de Meriti, Petrópolis, Volta Redonda, Magé, Macaé, Itaboraí, Cabo Frio, Armação dos Búzios, Angra dos Reis, Nova Friburgo, Barra Mansa, Barra do Piraí, Teresópolis, Mesquita and Nilópolis.

Rio de Janeiro is the smallest state by area in the Southeast macroregion and one of the smallest in Brazil. It is, however, the third most populous Brazilian state, with a population of 16 million of people in 2011 (making it the most densely populated state in Brazil) and has the third longest coastline in the country (after those of the states of Bahia and Maranhão).

In the Brazilian flag, the state is represented by Mimosa, the beta star in the Southern Cross (β Cru).


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