Rhine-Ruhr

The Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region (German: Metropolregion Rhein-Ruhr) is the largest metropolitan region in Germany, with over ten million inhabitants.[1] A polycentric conurbation with several major urban concentrations, the region covers an area of 7,268 square kilometres (2,806 sq mi), entirely within the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region spreads from the Ruhr area (Dortmund-Essen-Duisburg-Bochum) in the north to the urban areas of the cities of Mönchengladbach, Düsseldorf (the state capital), Wuppertal, Leverkusen, Cologne (the region's largest and Germany's fourth largest city), and Bonn in the south. The location of the Rhine-Ruhr at the heart of the European Blue Banana makes it well connected to other major European cities and metropolitan areas such as the Randstad, the Flemish Diamond and the Frankfurt Rhine Main Region.

Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region
Metropolregion Rhein-Ruhr
The Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region according to the LEP NRW, 1995
Coordinates: 51°27′N 6°53′E
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Largest citiesCologne
Düsseldorf
Dortmund
Essen
Duisburg
Bochum
Wuppertal
Bonn
Area
  Metro
7,268 km2 (2,806 sq mi)
Highest elevation
494 m (1,621 ft)
Lowest elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
 (2016)
  Metro
10,680,783
  Metro density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Aerial view of Cologne
Aerial view of Düsseldorf, the state capital of North Rhine-Westphalia
Aerial view of Dortmund
Aerial view of Essen

The metropolitan area is named after the Rhine and Ruhr rivers, which are the region's defining geographical features and historically its economic backbone.


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