In geometry a quadrilateral is a four-sided polygon, having four edges (sides) and four corners (vertices). The word is derived from the Latin words quadri, a variant of four, and latus, meaning "side". It is also called a tetragon, derived from greek "tetra" meaning "four" and "gon" meaning "corner" or "angle", in analogy to other polygons (e.g. pentagon). Since "gon" means "angle", it is analogously called a quadrangle, or 4-angle. A quadrilateral with vertices , , and is sometimes denoted as .[1]

Some types of quadrilaterals
Edges and vertices4
Schläfli symbol{4} (for square)
Areavarious methods;
see below
Internal angle (degrees)90° (for square and rectangle)

Quadrilaterals are either simple (not self-intersecting), or complex (self-intersecting, or crossed). Simple quadrilaterals are either convex or concave.

The interior angles of a simple (and planar) quadrilateral ABCD add up to 360 degrees of arc, that is[1]

This is a special case of the n-gon interior angle sum formula: S = (n − 2) × 180°.[2]

All non-self-crossing quadrilaterals tile the plane, by repeated rotation around the midpoints of their edges.[3]

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