Puntland (Somali: Puntland, Arabic: أرض البنط, Italian: Terra di Punt or Paese di Punt), officially the Puntland State of Somalia (Somali: Dowlad Goboleedka Puntland ee Soomaaliya, Arabic: ولاية أرض البنط الصومالية), is a Federal Member State in northeastern Somalia. The capital city is the city of Garoowe in the Nugal region, and its leaders declared the territory an autonomous state in 1998.[4] Geographically to the west, Puntland lays claim to the intra-46th meridian territories that were outside European colonial rule during parts of the Scramble for Africa period.

Puntland State of Somalia[1]
  • Dowlad Goboleedka Puntland ee Soomaaliya  (Somali)
  • ولاية أرض البنط الصومالية (Arabic)
  • Wilāyat Arḍ al-Bunṭ aṣ-Ṣūmāliyyah
8°24′N 48°29′E
Largest cityBosaso
Official languages
GovernmentAutonomous presidential democracy
Said Abdullahi Dani
Ahmed Elmi Osman
 House Speaker
Abdirashid Yusuf Jibril
LegislatureHouse of Representatives
Federal Member State 
within Somalia
1 August 1998
212,510[2] km2 (82,050 sq mi)
 Water (%)
4,334,633 (2014)[3]
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
2.348 billions $USD (2017)
 Per capita
602 $USD (2017)
CurrencySomali shilling (SOS)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
 Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Calling code+252 (Somalia)
ISO 3166 codeSO
Internet TLD.so

Puntland is bordered by Somaliland to its west, the Gulf of Aden in the north, the Guardafui Channel in the northeast, the Indian Ocean in the southeast, the central Galmudug region in the south, and Ethiopia in the southwest. There are several major geographical apexes in Puntland, including the Cape Guardafui, which forms the tip of the Horn of Africa, Ras Hafun the easternmost place on the entire African continent, and the beginning of the Karkaar mountain range. It also has the northernmost major city in Somalia, Bosaso, located at a line of latitude higher than 11° north.

The name "Puntland" is derived from the Land of Punt mentioned in ancient Egyptian sources, although the exact location of the fabled territory is still a mystery. Many studies suggest that the Land of Punt was located in present-day Somalia,[5][6] whereas others propose that it was situated elsewhere.[7]

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