Persis (Greek: Περσίς, romanized: Persís), better known in English as Persia (Old Persian: 𐎱𐎠𐎼𐎿, romanized: Parsa; Persian: پارس, romanized: Pârs),[1] or Persia proper, is the Fars region, located to the southwest of modern-day Iran, now a province. The Persians are thought to have initially migrated either from Central Asia or, more probably, from the north through the Caucasus.[2] They would then have migrated to the current region of Persis in the early 1st millennium BC.[2] The country name Persia was derived directly from the Old Persian Parsa.

The ruins of Persepolis
The Persian Empire, about 500 BC; Persis is the central southern province with the red outline. Its main cities are Persepolis and Pasargadae.

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