Peoria, Illinois

Peoria (/piˈɔːriə/ pee-OR-ee-ə) is the county seat of Peoria County, Illinois,[3] United States, and the largest city on the Illinois River. As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 113,150.[4][5] It is the principal city of the Peoria Metropolitan Area in Central Illinois, consisting of the counties of Fulton, Marshall, Peoria, Stark, Tazewell, and Woodford, which had a population of 402,391 in 2020.

Peoria, Illinois
City of Peoria
Peoria City Hall
Location of Peoria in Peoria County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 40°41′37″N 89°35′20″W
Country United States
State Illinois
CountyPeoria
Settled1691
Incorporated Town1835
Incorporated City1845
Named forPeoria tribe
Government
  TypeCouncil-Manager
  MayorRita Ali (D)
  City ManagerPatrick Urich
  City ClerkBeth Ball
  City TreasurerSteve Morris
Area
  City50.55 sq mi (130.93 km2)
  Land47.97 sq mi (124.24 km2)
  Water2.58 sq mi (6.69 km2)
Elevation
502 ft (153 m)
Population
 (2020)
  City113,150
  Density2,358.72/sq mi (910.71/km2)
  Metro
402,391
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
29 total ZIP codes:
  • 61601-61607, 61612-61615, 61625, 61629, 61630, 61633, 61634, 61636-61639, 61641, 61643, 61650-61656[2]
Area code309
FIPS code17-59000
Websitewww.peoriagov.org

Established in 1691 by the French explorer Henri de Tonti, Peoria is the oldest permanent European settlement in Illinois according to the Illinois State Archaeological Survey.[6] Originally known as Fort Clark, it received its current name when the County of Peoria organized in 1825. The city was named after the Peoria tribe, a member of the Illinois Confederation. On October 16, 1854, Abraham Lincoln made his Peoria speech against the Kansas-Nebraska Act.[7][8] Prior to prohibition, Peoria was the center of the whiskey industry in the United States. More than 12 distilleries operated in Peoria by the end of the 19th century, more than any other city in the U.S.[9]

A major port on the Illinois River, Peoria is a trading and shipping center for a large agricultural area that produces corn, soybeans, and livestock. Although the economy is well diversified, the city's traditional manufacturing industries remain important and produce earthmoving equipment, metal products, lawn-care equipment, labels, steel towers, farm equipment, building materials, steel, wire, and chemicals.[10] Until 2018, Peoria was the global and national headquarters for heavy equipment and engine manufacturer Caterpillar Inc., one of the 30 companies composing the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and listed on the Fortune 100; in the latter year, the company relocated its headquarters to Deerfield, Illinois.[11][12]

The city is associated with the phrase "Will it play in Peoria?", which originated from the vaudeville era and was popularized by Groucho Marx.[13] Museums in the city include the Pettengill-Morron House, the John C. Flanagan House, and the Peoria Riverfront Museum.


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