Pashto

Pashto[lower-alpha 1] (/ˈpʌʃt/,[5][3][4]/ˈpæʃt/;[lower-alpha 2] پښتو, Pəx̌tó, [pəʂˈto, pʊxˈto, pəʃˈto, pəçˈto]), is an Eastern Iranian language in the Indo-European language family. It is known in historical Persian literature as Afghani (افغانی, Afghāni).[7]

Pashto
پښتو
Pax̌tó
The word Pax̌tó written in the Pashto alphabet
Pronunciation[pəʂˈto], [pʊxˈto], [pəçˈto], [pəʃˈto]
Native toAfghanistan, Pakistan
EthnicityPashtuns
Native speakers
40–60 million
Standard forms
DialectsPashto dialects
Pashto alphabet
Official status
Official language in
Afghanistan[1]
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated by Pashto Academy Quetta
Language codes
ISO 639-1ps – Pashto, Pushto
ISO 639-2pus – Pushto, Pashto
ISO 639-3pus – inclusive code – Pashto, Pushto
Individual codes:
pst  Central Pashto
pbu  Northern Pashto
pbt  Southern Pashto
wne  Wanetsi
Glottologpash1269  Pashto
Linguasphere58-ABD-a
Areas in Afghanistan and Pakistan where Pashto is:
  the predominant language
  spoken alongside other languages
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Spoken as a native language mostly by ethnic Pashtuns, it is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan alongside Dari,[8][1][9] and it is the second-largest provincial language of Pakistan, spoken mainly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the northern districts of Balochistan.[10] Likewise, it is the primary language of the Pashtun diaspora around the world. The total number of Pashto-speakers is at least 40 million,[11] although some estimates place it as high as 60 million.[12] Pashto is "one of the primary markers of ethnic identity" amongst Pashtuns.[13]


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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Pashto, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.