Party of Order

The Rue de Poitiers Committee (French: Comité de la rue de Poitiers), best known as Party of Order (French: Parti de l'Ordre), was a political group formed by monarchists[4] and conservatives[5][6] in the French Parliament during the French Second Republic. It included monarchist members from both the Orléanist and Legitimist factions and also some republicans who admired the United States model of government.

Party of Order
Parti de l'Ordre
LeadersAdolphe Thiers
Odillon Barrot
François Guizot
Alexis de Tocqueville
Founded1848; 174 years ago (1848)
Dissolved1852; 170 years ago (1852)
Merger ofMovement Party
Resistance Party
Other Legitimists
Headquarters12, rue de Poitiers, Paris
IdeologyConservatism
Liberal conservatism[1]
Monarchism (majority)
Internal factions:
  Legitimism
  Orléanism
  Republicanism
Political positionCentre-right[2] to right-wing[3]
Colours  Blue   White
Slogan"Order, Property, Religion"

After the 1848 elections to the French Parliament, the Party of Order was the second-largest group of deputies after the Moderate Republicans, with 250 of the 900 seats in the French Parliament. Prominent members included Adolphe Thiers, François Guizot and Alexis de Tocqueville. The party won an absolute majority in the 1849 general election[7] and were opposed to the presidency of Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, although he included members of the party in his administration in order to court the political centre-right.

The party enjoyed widespread support in the north of France in the 1849 elections, the departments of Finistère, Côtes-du Nord, Manche, Calvados, Eure, Somme and Aisne as well as Deux-Sèvres, Vienne, Vaucluse and Haute-Garonne returned exclusively Party of Order members to the French Parliament. Support was lower in the east of the country.

After the Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte's coup d'état in December 1851, the party was forcibly dissolved and its members were exiled.[8]


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