Palo Alto, California

Palo Alto (/ˌpæl ˈælt/; Spanish for 'tall stick') is a charter city in the northwestern corner of Santa Clara County, California, United States, in the San Francisco Bay Area, named after a coastal redwood tree known as El Palo Alto.

Palo Alto, California
City of Palo Alto
Flag of Palo Alto, California
Official seal of Palo Alto, California
Etymology: from Spanish palo alto 'tall stick'
Location in Santa Clara County and California
Palo Alto, California is located in the United States
Palo Alto, California
Palo Alto, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 37°25′45″N 122°8′17″W
CountryUnited States
CountySanta Clara
IncorporatedApril 23, 1894[1]
Named forEl Palo Alto
  BodyCity council
  MayorLydia Kou
  Total26.00 sq mi (67.35 km2)
  Land24.10 sq mi (62.41 km2)
  Water1.91 sq mi (4.94 km2)  7.38%
Elevation30 ft (9 m)
  Density2,871.52/sq mi (1,047.35/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
94301, 94303, 94304, 94306
Area code650
FIPS code06-55282
GNIS feature IDs277572, 2411362 Edit this at Wikidata

Originally formed as the township of Mayfield in 1855, the city was established in 1894 by the American industrialist Leland Stanford when he founded Stanford University in memory of his son, Leland Stanford Jr. Palo Alto includes portions of Stanford University and borders East Palo Alto, Mountain View, Los Altos, Los Altos Hills, Stanford, Portola Valley, and Menlo Park. At the 2020 census, the population was 68,572.[5] Palo Alto is one of the most expensive cities in the United States in which to live,[6][7] and its residents are among the most educated in the country. However, it also has a youth suicide rate four times higher than the national average, often attributed to academic pressure.[8]

As one of the principal cities of Silicon Valley, Palo Alto is home to the headquarters of multiple tech companies, including HP, Space Systems/Loral, VMware, PARC, and Houzz. Palo Alto has also served as headquarters or the founding location of several other tech companies, including Apple,[9] Google,[10] Facebook, Logitech,[11] Tesla,[12] Intuit, IDEO, Pinterest, and PayPal; Ford Motor Company and Lockheed Martin each additionally maintain major research and technology facilities within Palo Alto.[13][14]

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