Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world's largest regional security-oriented intergovernmental organization with observer status at the United Nations.[3] Its mandate includes issues such as arms control, promotion of human rights, freedom of the press, and free and fair elections. It employs around 3,460 people, mostly in its field operations but also in its secretariat in Vienna, Austria, and its institutions.[4]

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
SecretariatVienna, Austria
Official languagesEnglish, French, German, Italian, Russian, Spanish
TypeIntergovernmental organization
with no legal personality
Membership57 participating countries
11 partners for co-operation
Zbigniew Rau
Matteo Mecacci
Teresa Ribeiro
Kairat Abdrakhmanov
Helga Schmid
July 1973
30 July – 1 August 1975
21 November 1990
 Renamed OSCE
1 January 1995
50,119,801 km2 (19,351,363 sq mi)
 2020 estimate
1.3 billion[1] (3rd)
25/km2 (64.7/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
US$44.5 trillion[2]
 Per capita

It has its origins in the mid-1975 Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) held in Helsinki, Finland. The OSCE is concerned with early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management, and post-conflict rehabilitation. Most of its 57 participating countries are in Europe, but there are a few members present in Asia and North America. The participating states cover much of the land area of the Northern Hemisphere. It was created during the Cold War era as a forum for discussion between the Western Bloc and Eastern Bloc.[4]

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