The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; French: Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental organisation with 38 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade. It is a forum and its members are countries which describe themselves as committed to democracy and the market economy, providing a platform to compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practices and coordinate domestic and international policies of its members.
|Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques|
|Headquarters||Château de la Muette|
|€386 million (2019)|
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The majority of OECD members are high-income economies with a very high Human Development Index (HDI) and are regarded as developed countries. Their collective population is 1.38 billion. As of 2017[update], the OECD member countries collectively comprised 62.2% of global nominal GDP (US$49.6 trillion) and 42.8% of global GDP (Int$54.2 trillion) at purchasing power parity. The OECD is an official United Nations observer.
In 1948, the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC), was established to help administer the Marshall Plan, which was rejected by both the Soviet Union and its satellite states. This would be achieved by allocating United States financial aid and implementing economic programs for the reconstruction of Europe after World War II. Only Western European states were members of the OEEC. Its Secretary General were the Frenchmen Robert Marjolin (1948–1955) and then René Sergent (1955–1960). In 1961, the OEEC was reformed into the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the membership was extended to non-European states, the USA and Canada.