Nancy Pelosi

Nancy Patricia Pelosi (/pəˈlsi/; née D'Alesandro; born March 26, 1940) is an American politician serving as speaker of the United States House of Representatives since 2019, and previously from 2007 to 2011. She has served as a U.S. representative from California since 1987. A member of the Democratic Party, Pelosi is the only woman to have served as speaker of the U.S. House.

Nancy Pelosi
Official portrait, 2019
52nd Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byPaul Ryan
In office
January 4, 2007  January 3, 2011
Preceded byDennis Hastert
Succeeded byJohn Boehner
House Minority Leader
In office
January 3, 2011  January 3, 2019
DeputySteny Hoyer
Preceded byJohn Boehner
Succeeded byKevin McCarthy
In office
January 3, 2003  January 3, 2007
DeputySteny Hoyer
Preceded byDick Gephardt
Succeeded byJohn Boehner
Leader of the House Democratic Caucus
Assumed office
January 3, 2003
Deputy
Preceded byDick Gephardt
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from California
Assumed office
June 2, 1987
Preceded bySala Burton
Constituency
House Minority Whip
In office
January 15, 2002  January 3, 2003
LeaderDick Gephardt
Preceded byDavid Bonior
Succeeded bySteny Hoyer
Chair of the California Democratic Party
In office
February 27, 1981  April 3, 1983
Preceded byRichard J. O'Neill
Succeeded byPeter Kelly
Personal details
Born
Nancy Patricia D'Alesandro

(1940-03-26) March 26, 1940 (age 82)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
(m. 1963)
Children5, including Christine and Alexandra
Parent(s)
RelativesThomas D'Alesandro III (brother)
Residence(s)San Francisco, California, U.S.
EducationTrinity College (BA)
Signature
Website

A member of the D'Alesandro political family, Pelosi's father, Thomas D'Alesandro Jr., was a notable longtime politician. Before her election to Congress, she chaired the California Democratic Party from 1981 until 1983. Now in her 18th term, Pelosi was first elected to Congress in a 1987 special election. She is the dean of California's congressional delegation. She represents California's 12th congressional district, which comprises most of San Francisco. Initially, Pelosi represented the 5th district (1987–1993); after district boundaries were redrawn following the 1990 census, she represented the 8th district (1993–2013). Pelosi has led the House Democrats since 2003. She is the first woman to lead a party in Congress, and has served twice as House Minority Leader (2003–2007 and 2011–2019) and as House Speaker (2007–2011 and since 2019), respectively.

Pelosi was a major opponent of the Iraq War as well as the Bush administration's 2005 attempt to partially privatize Social Security. During her first speakership, she was instrumental in the passage of many of the Obama administration's landmark bills, including the Affordable Care Act, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, and the 2010 Tax Relief Act.

Pelosi lost the speakership in 2011 after the Republican Party won a majority in the House in the 2010 elections, but retained her role as leader of the House Democratic Caucus and returned to the role of House minority leader. In the 2018 midterm elections, the Democrats regained control of the House.[1] When the 116th Congress convened in January 2019, Pelosi was again elected Speaker,[2] becoming the first former Speaker to return to the post since Sam Rayburn in 1955.[3] Under Pelosi's leadership, the House twice impeached President Donald Trump, first in December 2019, and again in January 2021; Trump was acquitted both times by the Senate.[4]

On January 3, 2021, Pelosi was reelected to a fourth term as Speaker of the House.[5][6][7] During her second speakership, she was instrumental in the passage of the Biden administration's two major bills, the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act and the American Rescue Plan Act. She announced in January 2022 that she would seek reelection as a U.S. representative that year, though she had pledged in 2018 to not seek the speakership again.[8]


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