Muslims (Arabic: مسلم, transl."submitter [to God]")[25] are people who adhere to Islam, an Abrahamic religion. They consider the Quran, the central religious text of Islam, to be the verbatim word of the God of Abraham (or Allah) as it was revealed to Muhammad, the main Islamic prophet.[26] The majority of Muslims also follow the teachings and practices of Muhammad (sunnah) as recorded in traditional accounts (hadith).[27]

Prayer in Cairo (1865)
Jean-Léon Gérôme
Total population
c.2 billion (2020)[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
80–90% Sunni Islam[13][14]
10–20% Shia Islam[15][16][17]
~1% Ahmadiyya[18]
~1% Other Islamic traditions (e.g. Quranism and Ibadi Islam)[19]
Quranic Arabic
Hindi–Urdu, Modern Standard Arabic, Indonesian, Bengali, Turkic languages, Iranian languages, and other languages of the Muslim world[20][21][22][23][24]

Numbering approximately 2 billion as of 2020, Muslims comprise more than 25% of the world population.[28] By the percentage of the total population in a region considering themselves Muslim: 91% in the Middle East and in North Africa (MENA),[29] 81% in Central Asia,[30][31] 65% in the Caucasus,[32][33][34][35][36][37] 40% in Southeast Asia,[38][39] 31% in South Asia,[40][41] 30% in Sub-Saharan Africa,[42] 25% in Asia and in Oceania collectively,[43] around 6% in Europe,[44] and 1% in the Americas.[45][46][47][48]

The two largest Islamic sects are Sunni Islam (75–90%)[49] and Shia Islam (10–20%).[15][16][17] About 12% of Muslims live in Indonesia, the largest Muslim-majority country;[50][51] 31% of Muslims live in South Asia,[52] the largest population of Muslims in the world by numbers;[53] 20% in the Middle East and North Africa,[54] where it is the dominant religion;[55] and 15% in Sub-Saharan Africa.[56] Muslims are the overwhelming majority in Central Asia,[57] the majority in the Caucasus,[32][33] and widespread in Southeast Asia.[39] Sizeable Muslim communities are also found in the Americas, China, and throughout Europe.[58][59][60] Islam is the fastest-growing major religion in the world.[61][62][63]

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