Musical collective is a phrase used to describe a group of musicians in which membership is flexible and creative control is shared. The concept is distinct from that of a traditional band in that musical collectives allow for flexibility in their rosters, and members are free to rotate in and out of the line-up. Collectives may exist in almost any genre of music, although they have been especially prominent in indie rock and hip hop.
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A musical collective is distinct from a musicians collective, such as the London Musicians Collective, which is an organization with more general aims and larger membership.