Middle Persian

Middle Persian or Pahlavi, also known by its endonym Pārsīk or Pārsīg (𐭯𐭠𐭫𐭮𐭩𐭪) in its later form,[1][2] is a Western Middle Iranian language which became the literary language of the Sasanian Empire. For some time after the Sasanian collapse, Middle Persian continued to function as a prestige language.[3] It descended from Old Persian, the language of the Achaemenid Empire and is the linguistic ancestor of Modern Persian, an official language of Iran, Afghanistan (Dari) and Tajikistan (Tajik).

Middle Persian
𐭯𐭠𐭫𐭮𐭩𐭪 (Pārsīk or Pārsīg)
RegionSasanian Empire (224–651)
EthnicityPersian people
EraEvolved into Early New Persian by the 9th century; thereafter used only by Zoroastrian priests for exegesis and religious instruction
Early form
Pahlavi scripts, Manichaean alphabet, Avestan alphabet, Pazend
Language codes
ISO 639-2pal
ISO 639-3Either:
pal  Zoroastrian Middle Persian ("Pahlavi")
xmn  Manichaean Middle Persian (Manichaean script)
Glottologpahl1241  Pahlavi

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