Mazandaran province

Mazandaran Province (pronunciation , Persian: استان مازندران, romanized: Ostān-e Māzandarān; Mazanderani: مازرون, romanized: Māzerun), is an Iranian province located along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea and in the adjacent Central Alborz mountain range, in central-northern Iran.[11]

Māzandarān Province
استان مازندران
Counties of Mazandaran Province
Location of Mazandaran Province in Iran
Coordinates: 36.5656°N 53.0588°E / 36.5656; 53.0588
CountryIran
RegionRegion 1[1]
CapitalSari
Counties20
Government
  Governor-generalMahmoud Hosseinipour
Area
  Total23,833 km2 (9,202 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[3]
  Total3,073,943
  Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+03:30 (IRST)
  Summer (DST)UTC+04:30 (IRST)
Main language(s)Mazandarani(Tabari)[4] Gilaki[5][6][7][8][9]
HDI (2017)0.845[10]
very high · 4th

Mazandaran Province is one of the most densely populated provinces in Iran[12] and has diverse natural resources, notably large reservoirs of oil and natural gas.[13] The province's four largest counties are Sari, Amol, Nur, and Tonekabon.[14] It was founded in 1937.[15]

The diverse natural habitats of the province include plains, prairies, forests and rainforest[16] stretching from the sandy beaches of the Caspian Sea to the rugged and snowcapped Alborz sierra,[17] including Mount Damavand, one of the highest peaks and volcanoes in Asia.[18]

Mazandaran is a major producer of farmed fish,[19] and aquaculture provides an important economic addition to traditional dominance of agriculture.[20] Another important contributor to the economy is the tourism industry, as people from all of Iran enjoy visiting the area.[21] Mazandaran is also a fast-growing centre for biotechnology.[13]


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