Margraviate of Baden

The Margraviate of Baden (German: Markgrafschaft Baden) was a historical territory of the Holy Roman Empire. Spread along the east side of the Upper Rhine River in southwestern Germany, it was named a margraviate in 1112 and existed until 1535, when it was split into the two margraviates of Baden-Durlach and Baden-Baden. The two parts were reunited in 1771 under Margrave Charles Frederick, even if the three parts of the State maintained their distinct seats to the Reichstag.[1] The restored Margraviate of Baden was elevated to the status of electorate in 1803. In 1806, the Electorate of Baden, receiving territorial additions, became the Grand Duchy of Baden. The rulers of Baden, known as the House of Baden, were a cadet line of the Swabian House of Zähringen.

Margraviate of Baden
Markgrafschaft Baden
1112–1803
Baden until 1803 (red) and later gains
StatusMargraviate
Capital
GovernmentFeudal monarchy
Margrave of Baden 
 1112–1130
Herman II
 1250–1268
Frederick I
 1453–1458
Bernard II
 1475–1515
Christopher I
 1771–1803
Charles Frederick
History 
 Margraviate est.
1112
 Territory fragmentedb
1190–1771
 Elevated to Electorate
1803
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Swabia
Electorate of Baden
Today part ofGermany
a: Charles Frederick was the Margrave of Baden-Durlach until 1771, when he inherited Baden-Baden and became the Margrave of unified Baden. In 1803, his support of Napoleon rewarded him with the rank of Elector. In 1806, he was raised to the rank of Grand Duke, when he joined the Confederation of the Rhine.
b: Baden was fragmented in the years between 1190–1503, 1515–1620 and 1622–1771.

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