Mani (prophet)

Mani (in Middle Persian: 𐭌𐭀𐭍𐭉/𐭬𐭠𐭭𐭩/𐮋𐮀𐮌𐮈/𐬨𐬁𐬥𐬌/𐫖𐫀𐫗𐫏 Māni, New Persian: مانی Māni, Chinese: 摩尼 Móní, Syriac Mānī, Greek Μάνης, Latin Manes; also Μανιχαῖος, Latin Manichaeus, from Syriac ܡܐܢܝ ܚܝܐ Mānī ḥayyā "Living Mani", c.April AD 216–2 March AD 274 or 26 February AD 277) was an Iranian[3][4][5][6] prophet and the founder of Manichaeism, a religion most prevalent in late antiquity strongly influenced by Gnosticism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, and Buddhism, which was once widespread but is now confined to small areas of China, such as Fujian. [citation needed]

Statue of Mani in the Cao'an temple, China
Bornc.April AD 216
Died2 March AD 274 or 26 February AD 277[2]
(aged 57–58 or 60–61)
Cause of deathExecution by the order of Bahram I
ParentsPātik, Mariam
Notable work(s)
Founder ofManichaeism

Mani was born in or near Seleucia-Ctesiphon (south of modern Baghdad) in Mesopotamia,[1] at the time part of the Parthian Empire. Seven of his major works were written in Syriac, and the eighth, dedicated to the Sasanian emperor Shapur I, was written in Middle Persian.[7] He died in Gundeshapur.

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