Heathrow Airport

Heathrow Airport (/ˌhθˈr, ˈhθr/),[4] originally called London Airport until 1966 and now known as London Heathrow[5] (IATA: LHR, ICAO: EGLL), is a major international airport in London, England. With Gatwick, City, Luton, Stansted and Southend, it is the largest of the six international airports serving London. The airport facility is owned and operated by Heathrow Airport Holdings. In 2021, it was the seventh-busiest airport in the world by international passenger traffic and eighth-busiest in Europe by total passenger traffic.

Heathrow Airport
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorHeathrow Airport Holdings
ServesGreater London, Berkshire, southern Buckinghamshire, northwest Surrey and western Hertfordshire
LocationHillingdon, London, England, UK
Opened25 March 1946
(76 years ago)
 (1946-03-25)
Hub forBritish Airways
Focus city forVirgin Atlantic
Elevation AMSL83 ft / 25 m
Coordinates51°28′39″N 000°27′41″W
Websitewww.heathrow.com
Map
LHR/EGLL
LHR/EGLL
LHR/EGLL
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09L/27R 3,902 12,802 Grooved asphalt
09R/27L 3,660 12,008 Grooved asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Passengers22,109,550
Aircraft movements207,070
Land Area1,227 ha[1]
Sources:
Statistics from the CAA and Heathrow Airport Limited[2][3]

Heathrow was founded as a small airfield in 1929, but was developed into a much larger airport after World War II. The airport, which lies 14 miles (23 km) west of Central London on a site that covers 12.27 square kilometres (4.74 sq mi), has gradually expanded over the next seventy-five years, and now has two parallel east–west runways along with four operational passenger terminals, and one cargo terminal.[5] The airport is the primary hub for British Airways and the primary operating base for Virgin Atlantic.


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