Heathrow Airport

Heathrow Airport (/ˌhθˈr, ˈhθr/),[4] called London Airport until 1966 and now known as London Heathrow[5] (IATA: LHR, ICAO: EGLL), is a major international airport in London, England. It is the largest of the six international airports serving Greater London (the others being Gatwick, City, Luton, Stansted and Southend). The airport facility is owned and operated by Heathrow Airport Holdings. In 2021, it was the seventh-busiest airport in the world by international passenger traffic and eighth-busiest in Europe by total passenger traffic.

Heathrow Airport
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorHeathrow Airport Holdings
ServesGreater London, Berkshire, southern Buckinghamshire, northwest Surrey and western Hertfordshire
LocationHillingdon, London, England, United Kingdom
Opened25 March 1946; 76 years ago (1946-03-25)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL83 ft / 25 m
Coordinates51°28′39″N 000°27′41″W
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09L/27R 3,902 12,802 Grooved asphalt
09R/27L 3,660 12,008 Grooved asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Aircraft movements207,070
Land Area1,227 ha[1]
Statistics from the CAA and Heathrow Airport Limited[2][3]

Heathrow was founded as a small airfield in 1929 but was developed into a much larger airport after World War II. The airport lies 14 miles (23 kilometres) west of Central London on a site that covers 12.27 square kilometres (4.74 square miles). It was gradually expanded over seventy-five years and now has two parallel east–west runways, four operational passenger terminals and one cargo terminal.[5] The airport is the primary hub for both British Airways and Virgin Atlantic.

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