List of states in the Holy Roman Empire (P)

This is a list of states in the Holy Roman Empire beginning with the letter P:

Name Type Circle Bench Formed Notes
Paderborn Bishopric Low Rhen EC 799 881: Granted territory in fief to Saxony
1180: Made fief of the Archbishopric of Cologne
1281: Imperial immediacy; HRE Prince of the Empire
1802: To Prussia
1807: To Westphalia
1813: To Prussia
Palatinate (Kurpfalz)
Count Palatine of the Rhine, Arch-Steward and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire
County Palatine
1314: Duchy
1356: Electorate
El Rhine EL 915: Origins in County Palatine of Lotharingia 945: County Palatine of Lorraine
1095: County Palatine of the Rhine
1214: Extinct; to Bavaria
1255: To Upper Bavaria
1314: Partitioned from Upper Bavaria
1356: Electorate confirmed in the Golden Bull
1410: Partitioned into itself, Palatinate-Neumarkt, Palatinate-Simmern-Zweibrücken and Palatinate-Mosbach
1524: Appanage Palatinate-Neumarkt created
1556: Inherited by Palatinate-Neuburg
1559: Inherited by Palatinate-Simmern; Neuburg to Palatinate-Zweibrücken
1576: Partitioned into itself and Palatinate-Lautern
1610: Partitioned into itself and Palatinate-Simmern-Kaiserslautern
1621: Under imperial ban; occupied by the Emperor
1623: Electoral title and Upper Palatinate to Bavaria; Parkstein, Peilstein and Weiden to Palatinate-Neuburg
1648: Restored in the Lower Palatinate with new Electoral title
1685: Inherited by Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Neuburg; War of the Palatinian Succession
1697: Acquired Megen
1742: Inherited by Palatinate-Sulzbach
1777: In personal union with Bavaria
Palatinate-Burglengenfeld Duchy Bav PR 1535: Partitioned from Palatinate-Neuburg 1540: Reunited with Palatinate-Neuburg
Palatinate-Guttenberg Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1592: Partitioned from Palatinate-Veldenz 1611: Renamed to Palatinate-Guttenberg-Lützelstein
Palatinate-Guttenberg-Lützelstein Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1611: Renamed from Palatinate-Guttenberg after inheritance of Palatinate-Lützelstein 1654: Extinct; to Palatinate-Veldenz
Palatinate-Hilpoltstein Duchy n/a n/a 1614: Appanage created within Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Neuburg 1644: Extinct; to Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Neuburg
Palatinate-Lautern Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1576: Partitioned from the Palatinate 1592: Extinct; to the Palatinate
Palatinate-Lützelstein Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1592: Partitioned from Palatinate-Veldenz 1611: Extinct; to Palatinate-Guttenberg
Palatinate-Mosbach Duchy n/a n/a 1410: Partitioned from the Palatinate 1448: Acquired Neumarkt; renamed to Palatinate-Mosbach-Neumarkt
Palatinate-Mosbach-Neumarkt Duchy n/a n/a 1448: Renamed from Palatinate-Mosbach after acquisition of Palatinate-Neumarkt 1499: Extinct; to the Palatinate
Palatinate-Neuburg Duchy Bav PR 1505: Created for Otto Henry and Philip around Neuburg following the Landshut War of Succession 1535: Partitioned into itself and Palatinate-Burglengenfeld
1556: Inherited and superseded by the Palatinate
Palatinate-Neumarkt Duchy n/a n/a 1410: Partitioned from the Palatinate 1443: In personal union with Denmark, Norway and Sweden
1448: Extinct; to Palatinate-Mosbach
1524: Appanage created within the Palatinate
1558: Extinct; to the Palatinate
Palatinate-Simmern Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1459: Partitioned from Palatinate-Simmern-Zweibrücken 1559: Inherited the Palatinate; Palatinate-Simmern-Sponheim to George following the house agreement for the succession of the Elector Palatine; outer lying territories passed to Palatinate-Zweibrücken
Palatinate-Simmern-Kaiserslautern Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1610: Partitioned from the Palatinate 1674: Extinct; to the Palatinate
Palatinate-Simmern-Sponheim Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1559: Core of Palatinate-Simmern to George 1598: Extinct; to the Palatinate
Palatinate-Simmern-Zweibrücken Duchy n/a n/a 1410: Partitioned from the Palatinate 1444: Acquired Veldenz by marriage
1459: Partitioned into Palatinate-Simmern and Palatinate-Zweibrücken
Palatinate-Sulzbach Duchy Bav PR 1614: Appanage created within Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Neuburg 1656: Imperial immediacy
1714: Acquired Parkstein and Weiden
1732: Acquired Bergen op Zoom
1742: Inherited and superseded by the Palatinate
Palatinate-Veldenz Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1543: Partitioned from Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1552: Acquired Remigiusland
1553: Acquired Lützelstein, 1/2 of Guttenberg and 2/3 of Alsenz
1592: Partitioned into itself, Palatinate-Lützelstein and Palatinate-Guttenberg
1694: Extinct; divided between the Palatinate, Palatinate-Sulzbach and Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Palatinate-Zweibrücken Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1444: Partitioned from Palatinate-Simmern-Zweibrücken 1505: Acquired Kleeburg and half of Guttenberg
1543: Partitioned into itself and Palatinate-Veldenz
1559: Acquired Palatinate-Neuburg
1569: Partitioned into Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Neuburg, Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Zweibrücken, Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Sulzbach, Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Vohenstrauss-Parkstein and Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
1733: Reunited by Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler
1793: To France
1799: Inherited and superseded by Bavaria-Palatinate
Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld Duchy Bav PR 1569: Partitioned from Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1616: Acquired portion of Sponheim
1630: Sideline Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler created
1671: Extinct; to Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler
Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler Duchy Bav PR 1630: Created when Christian I of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld acquired Bischweiler 1673: Acquired Rappoltstein
1681: Partitioned into itself and Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen
1733: Renamed to Palatinate-Zweibrücken
Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen Duchy Bav PR 1681: Partitioned from Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler 1789: To France
1799: Received title Duke in Bavaria
Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Kleeberg Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1604: Partitioned from Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Zweibrücken 1654: Inherited Sweden; Kleeberg passed to Adolph John I
1731: Extinct; to Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler
Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Landsberg Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1604: Partitioned from Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Zweibrücken 1681: Extinct; to Sweden
Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Neuburg Duchy Bav PR 1569: Partitioned from Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1609-14: War of the Jülich Succession against Brandenburg
1614: Acquired Jülich and Berg; appanages Palatinate-Sulzbach and Palatinate-Hilpoltstein created
1656: Appanage Palatinate-Sulzbach granted independence
1685: Inherited and superseded by the Palatinate
Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Sulzbach Duchy Bav PR 1569: Partitioned from Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1604: Extinct; to Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Neuburg
Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Veldenz Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1604: Partitioned from Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Zweibrücken 1661: Extinct; to Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Landsberg
Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Vohenstrauss-Parkstein Duchy Bav PR 1569: Partitioned from Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1597: Extinct; to Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Neuburg
Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Zweibrücken Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1569: Partitioned from Palatinate-Zweibrücken 1604: Partitioned into Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Veldenz, Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Landsberg and Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Kleeberg
HRE Count & Lord of Pappenheim
1628: County
n/a n/a 1111: First mentioned; Hereditary Marshall of the Holy Roman Empire 1279: Partitioned into itself and Biberbach
1356: Hereditary Arch-Marshall of the Holy Roman Empire
1423: Acquired Schweinspoint
1438: Acquired Gräfenthal
1444: Partitioned into Pappenheim-Allgäu, Pappenheim-Gräfenthal, Pappenheim-Treuchtlingen and Pappenheim-Alesheim; Pappenheim itself shared between all lines and led by the most senior ruling lord
1628: HRE Count; senior agnate of the house granted the title of Count
1697: Superseded Pappenheim-Alesheim
1807: To Bavaria
Pappenheim-Alesheim Lordship n/a n/a 1444: Partitioned from Pappenheim 1697: Superseded by Pappenheim with the extinction of all other lines
Pappenheim-Allgäu Lordship n/a n/a 1444: Partitioned from Pappenheim 1494: Partitioned into Pappenheim-Grönenbach and Pappenheim-Rothenstein
See: Biberbach
Pappenheim-Gräfenthal Lordship n/a n/a 1444: Partitioned from Pappenheim 1599: Extinct; divided between Pappenheim-Grönenbach and Pappenheim-Stühlingen
Pappenheim-Grönenbach Lordship n/a n/a 1494: Partitioned from Pappenheim-Allgäu 1584: Side line Pappenheim-Stühlingen created
1619: Extinct; to Pappenheim-Stühlingen
Pappenheim-Rechberg Lordship n/a n/a 1197: Hildebrand of Rechberg named as Marshall by marriage 1226: Title relinquished at death
Pappenheim-Rothenstein Lordship n/a n/a 1494: Partitioned from Pappenheim-Allgäu 1616: Extinct; to Fugger-Kirchheim
Pappenheim-Schwindegg Lordship n/a n/a 1529: Partitioned from Pappenheim-Treuchtlingen 1568: Inherited and renamed to Pappenheim-Treuchtlingen
Pappenheim-Stühlingen County Swab SC 1584: Created when Conrad of Pappenheim-Grönenbach acquired Stühlingen 1613: Sold rights around St. Blaise's Abbey
1621: Sold Gräfenthal to Saxe-Altenburg
1639: Extinct; to Fürstenberg-Stühlingen
Pappenheim-Treuchtlingen Lordship n/a n/a 1444: Partitioned from Pappenheim 1529: Partitioned into itself and Pappenheim-Schwindegg
1568: Inherited by and renamed from Pappenheim-Schwindegg
1591: Sold Schwindegg to Haunsperg
1647: Extinct; to Brandenburg-Ansbach
Parchim(-Richenberg) Principality n/a n/a 1226: Partitioned from Mecklenburg 1255: Divided between Mecklenburg, Schwerin and Werle
1256: Obtained Białogard as fief of Pomerania
1270: Renounced claims to Parchim-Richenberg
Parkstein Barony
1776: County
Upp Rhen WE 1762: Karoline Franziska Dorothea, illegitimate daughter of Charles Theodore of Bavaria-Palatinate legimitised; granted Parkstein 1776: HRE Countess
1777: Purchased portion of Reipoltskirchen; Parkstein to Bavaria
1795: To France
1818: Extinct
Passau Bishopric Bav EC 737 999: Imperial immediacy
1193: HRE Prince of the Empire
1803: Divided between Bavaria and Salzburg
1805: All to Bavaria
Passavant Lordship n/a n/a Originally to lords of Montfaucon 1372: To Montbéliard
1444: To Württemberg
1678: To France
Petershausen Abbacy Swab SP 983 Early 13th Century: Imperial immediacy
1530: To the City of Constance
1556: Restored
1802: To Baden
Pettau (March of) – see: Mark an der Drau (AKA Mark/Grafschaft hinter dem Drauwald, Lower Carantanian March, marchia transsilvana)
Pfäfers Abbacy Swab SP 731 1408: Imperial immediacy
1648: Left the empire as part of Switzerland
See: Palatinate
Pfullendorf Imperial City Swab SW 1220: Free Imperial City 1803: To Baden
Piombino Lordship
1594: Principality
n/a n/a 1399: Established 1594: HRE Principality
1801: To Etruria
1809: To Tuscany
See: Pyrmont
Platen-Hallermund County Low Rhen WE 1704: Younger German line of the Platen family acquired Hallermund 1709: Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle
1807: To Westphalia
1813: To Hanover
Plauen Advocacy (Vogtei) n/a n/a 1244: Partitioned from Plauen and Gera 1302: Partitioned into Plauen Elder Line and Plauen Younger Line
Plauen and Gera Advocacy (Vogtei) n/a n/a 1209: Partitioned from Weida 1240: Acquired Greiz and Reichenbach
1244: Partitioned into Plauen and Gera
Plauen Elder Line Advocacy (Vogtei) n/a n/a 1302: Partitioned from Plauen 1348: Partitioned into Plauen-Mühltroff and Plauen-Plauen
Plauen-Mühltroff Advocacy (Vogtei) n/a n/a 1348: Partitioned from Plauen Elder Line 1363: Country lost to Meissen
1380: Extinct
Plauen-Plauen Advocacy (Vogtei) n/a n/a 1348: Partitioned from Plauen Elder Line 1426: Acquired Burgraviate of Meissen; henceforth known as such
Plauen Younger Line Advocacy (Vogtei) n/a n/a 1302: Partitioned from Plauen 1309: Adopted name Reuss von Plauen
Plesse (Plessen) Lordship Upp Rhen WT 1097: First mentioned; known as Höckelheim c. 1150: Assumed the name Plesse; fiefs of Paderborn
c. 1170: Partitioned into Plesse Elder Line and Plesse Younger Line
1284/8: Reunited by Plesse Younger Line
1571: Extinct; to Hesse-Cassel
Plesse Elder Line Lordship n/a n/a c. 1170: Partitioned from Plesse 1284/8: Extinct; to Plesse Younger Line
Plesse Younger Line Lordship n/a n/a c. 1170: Partitioned from Plesse 1284/8: Renamed to Plesse
Plettenberg Lordship n/a n/a 1187: First mentioned; fief of Cologne Partitioned into numerous lines; the most important that of Lenhausen
Plettenberg-Lenhausen Lordship
1689: Barony
1724: County
n/a n/a 1474: Partitioned from Plettenberg-Bamenohl c. 1500: Partitioned into itself and Plettenberg-Stockum
1689: HRE Baron
1724: HRE Count; Side line Plettenberg-Wittem founded
1730: Extinct; to Plettenberg-Wittem
HRE Count of Plettenberg & Wittem
County Low Rhen WE 1724: Ferdinand of Plettenberg-Lenhausen purchased Wittem, assumed the name Plettenberg-Wittem 1732: Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle, Bench of Counts of Westphalia
1801: To France
1803: Compensated with Mietingen and Sulmingen
1806: To Württemberg
Pluwig Lordship n/a n/a Originally a property of de Ponte (von der Brücken) 1211: To the Cathedral Chapter of Trier; formed an immediate and circle-free lordship
1794: To France
1814: To Prussia
Pomerania Duchy Upp Sax PR 1046: First mentioned; tributary of the Empire 1106: Partitioned into itself and Pomerelia
1120-3: Made fief of Poland
1156: Partitioned into Pomerania-Stettin and Pomerania-Demmin
1264: Reunited by Pomerania-Stettin
1295: Partitioned into Pomerania-Wolgast and Pomerania-Stettin
1478: Reunited by Pomerania-Wolgast
1493: Imperial immediacy
1532: Partitioned into Pomerania-Wolgast and Pomerania-Stettin
1625: Reunited by Pomerania-Stettin
1634: Abdicated; under Imperial, Brandenburgian and Swedish occupation
1637: Extinct
1648: Divided into Swedish Pomerania and Prussian Pomerania
Pomerania-Barth Duchy n/a n/a 1377: Partitioned from Pomerania-Wolgast 1393: Inherited and renamed to Pomerania-Wolgast
1458: Partitioned from Pomerania-Wolgast
1478: Extinct; to Pomerania-Wolgast
1569: Appanage created within Pomerania-Wolgast
1618: Inherited Pomerania-Stettin; appanage abolished
Pomerania-Demmin Duchy n/a n/a 1156: Partitioned from Pomerania 1164: Made fief of Saxony; acquired 1/3 of Wolgast
1180: Extinct; to Pomerania-Stettin
1187: Partitioned from Pomerania-Stettin; fief of Denmark
1234: Rejoined the Empire
1236: Lost Circipania to Mecklenburg-Rostock; made fief of Brandenburg
1264: Extinct; to Pomerania-Stettin
Pomerania-Neustetten Duchy n/a n/a 1372: Partitioned from Pomerania-Wolgast 1390: Extinct; to Pomerania-Stolp
Pomerania-Rügenwalde Duchy n/a n/a 1440: Created for Eric, former king of Denmark, Norway and Sweden 1446: Inherited and renamed to Pomerania-Stolp
1569: Appanage created within Pomerania-Stettin for Barnim X
1600: Inherited Pomerania-Stettin; appanage to Casimir VI
1605: Extinct; to Pomerania-Barth
1606: Appanage invested upon Bogislaw XIV and George II
1620: Inherited Pomerania-Stettin; appanage abolished
Pomerania-Stargard Duchy n/a n/a 1377: Partitioned from Pomerania-Stolp 1395: Inherited and renamed to Pomerania-Stolp
Pomerania-Stettin Duchy Upp Sax PR 1156: Partitioned from Pomerania 1180: Imperial immediacy; acquired Pomerania-Demmin
1185: Made fief of Denmark
1187: Partitioned into itself and Pomerania-Demmin
1227: Rejoined the Empire
1231: Made fief of Brandenburg
1264: Renamed to Pomerania
1295: Partitioned from Pomerania; fief of Brandenburg
1348: Imperial immediacy
1463: Acquired Pomerania-Stargard
1464: Extinct; Stettin War of Succession between Pomerania-Wolgast and Brandenburg
1472: To Pomerania-Wolgast
1532: Partitioned from Pomerania
1569: Abdicated; to John Frederick of Pomerania-Wolgast
1600: Inherited and title assumed by Pomerania-Rügenwalde
1603: Extinct; to Philip II of Pomerania-Barth
1618: Inherited by appanage Pomerania-Barth
1620: Inherited by appanage Pomerania-Rügenwalde
1625: Renamed to Pomerania
Pomerania-Stolp Duchy n/a n/a 1372: Partitioned from Pomerania-Wolgast 1377: Partitioned into itself and Pomerania-Stargard
1395: Inherited by Pomerania-Stargard
1446: Inherited by Pomerania-Rügenwalde
1459: Extinct; to Pomerania-Wolgast
Pomerania-Wolgast Duchy Upp Sax PR 1295: Partitioned from Pomerania; fief of Brandenburg 1317: Acquired Schlawe and Stolp
1325: War of the Rügen Succession against Mecklenburg
1328: Acquired Rügen
1348: Imperial immediacy
1372: Partitioned into Pomerania-Stolp, itself and Pomerania-Neustettin
1377: Partitioned into Pomerania-Barth and itself
1393: Extinct; to Pomerania-Barth who assumed the title
1425: Partitioned into Pomerania-Wolgast-Wolgast, Pomerania-Wolgast-Demmin and Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth
1451: Reunited by Pomerania-Wolgast-Wolgast
1455: Acquired Lauenburg and Bütow
1458: Partitioned into itself and Pomerania-Barth
1459: Acquired Pomerania-Stolp and Pomerania-Rügenwalde
1472: Acquired Pomerania-Stettin; made fief of Brandenburg
1478: Renamed to Pomerania
1532: Partitioned from Pomerania
1569: Repartition of Pomerania; partitioned into Pomerania-Stettin, Pomerania-Barth, Pomerania-Wolgast and Pomerania-Rügenwalde
1625: Extinct; to Pomerania-Stettin
Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Duchy n/a n/a 1425: Partitioned from Pomerania-Wolgast 1435: Partitioned into itself and Pomerania-Wolgast-Stralsund
1451: Extinct; to Pomerania-Wolgast-Wolgast
Pomerania-Wolgast-Demmin Duchy n/a n/a 1425: Partitioned from Pomerania-Wolgast 1450: Extinct; to Pomerania-Wolgast-Wolgast
Pomerania-Wolgast-Stralsund Duchy n/a n/a 1435: Partitioned from Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth 1440: Extinct; to Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth
Pomerania-Wolgast-Wolgast Duchy n/a n/a 1425: Partitioned from Pomerania-Wolgast 1451: Renamed to Pomerania-Wolgast
Provence Duchy
877: County
933: Margraviate
1037: County
n/a n/a 5th Century: Duchy within the Kingdom of Burgundy 877: County of Provence to Boso within Western Francia
879: Boso made king of Lower Burgundy
933: To the Kingdom of Arles; given as fief to Hugh the Black
1032: Made fief of the Empire
1125: Partitioned into itself (as County) and a margraviate; see below
1127: To the House of Barcelona by marriage
1267: To the House of Anjou by marriage
1481: In personal union with France
1486: To France
Provence Margraviate n/a n/a 1125: Provence partitioned; north formed as a Margraviate for the claim of Alphonse I of Toulouse 1271: Extinct; in personal union with France
1274: Venaissin to the Papal States
1486: To France
Prüm (Prum; Pruem) Abbacy Upp Rhen PR 721: Established 1222: HRE Prince of the Empire
1574: To Trier
1801: To France
1815: To Prussia
Pückler and Limpurg County Franc FR 1737: Renamed from Pückler when inherited a portion of Limpurg through marriage to Caroline Christiana of Löwenstein-Wertheim 1787: Acquired part of Limpurg-Sontheim and Limpurg-Gaildorf through marriage to Waldeck-Limpurg
1806: To Württemberg
Prussia Duchy

1701: Kingdom

n/a n/a Whilst not part of the empire, Prussia became an de facto state of the empire and possessed extensive territories within the Empire
Pyrmont (in Lower Saxony) County Low Rhen WF 1180: Established by Cologne; given as fief to Schwalenberg 1194: Partitioned from Schwalenberg
1494: Extinct; to Spiegelberg
1568: To Lippe-Spiegelberg-Pyrmont
1583: To Gleichen-Tonna
1625: To Waldeck-Eisenberg
1668: Ceded Lügde to Paderborn
1711: To Waldeck and Pyrmont
1805: Partitioned from Waldeck and Pyrmont
1812: Extinct; to Waldeck and Pyrmont
Pyrmont (Pirmont; in Eifel) Lordship
15th Century: Barony
Low Rhen WF 12th Century: First mentioned; to Schönburg early 13th Century: Schönburg assumed the name Pyrmont
Before 1400: Acquired 2/3 of Ehrenburg by marriage
1426: Acquired remainder of Ehrenburg
15th Century: HRE Baron
1526: Extinct; to Eltz
1652: Half to Waldbott von Bassenheim
1695: Eltz half to Trier
1710: All to Waldbott von Bassenheim
1789: To France
1815: To Prussia

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