List of states in the Holy Roman Empire (L)

This is a list of states in the Holy Roman Empire beginning with the letter L:

Name

Type

Circle

Bench

Formed

Notes

Lage Lordship
Landau Imperial City Upp Rhen RH 1260: Built by Leiningen-Landeck 1291: Free Imperial City
1324: To the Bishopric of Speyer
1511: Free Imperial City
1648: To France
1815: To Austria
1816: To Bavaria
Landsberg in Alsace Lordship
1583: Barony
n/a n/a 1234: First mentioned; to Lords of Landsberg 1281: To Austria
1363: Sold to Rappoltstein
1398: To Lupfen (state)
1563: To Schwendi
1568: HRE Baron
1697: To France
Landsberg in Saxony Margraviate n/a n/a 1170: Built and title held by Meissen 1261: Partitioned from Meissen
1291: Extinct; to Meissen then sold to Brandenburg
1341: To Meissen
Langwies Jurisdiction
Lauenburg
see: Saxe-Lauenburg
Laurenburg County n/a n/a 1093: First mentioned 1159: Partitioned into itself and Nassau
1197: Extinct; to Nassau
Lausanne Prince-Bishopric Swab EC 517 1270: HRE Prince of the Empire
1536: To Bern
Lausanne Imperial City Swab SW 1434 1536: To Bern
Lavant (St. Andra) Prince-Bishopric Aust n/a 1228 15th Century: HRE Prince of the Empire; no secular territory
Originally represented in the Austrian Circle
Leas County n/a n/a 1529 1597: became an unlanded title
Leiningen County n/a n/a early 12th Century 1128: 1st mentioned
c. 1212: Extinct; to Saarbrücken-Hardenburg who assumed the name Leiningen
1241: Acquired Dagsburg
1237: Partitioned into Leiningen-Dagsburg and Leiningen-Landeck
Leiningen
Prince of Leiningen, Count-Palatine of Mosbach, Lord of Miltenberg, Amorbach, Düren, Bischofsheim, Hardheim & Lauda, etc.
Principality Upp Rhen PR 1803: Formed for Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg 1806: To Baden
Leiningen-Billigheim
Count of Leiningen, Lord of Billigheim, Allfeld, Mühlbach, Katzenthal, and Neuburg at the Neckar, Count of Dagsburg & Aspremont
County Upp Rhen WT 1803: Renamed from Leiningen-Guntersblum 1806: To Baden
Leiningen-Dagsburg (Leiningen-Dachsburg) County
1444: Landgraviate
1658: County
Upp Rhen WT 1237: Partitioned from Leiningen 1317: Partitioned into itself and Leiningen-Hardenburg
1444: HRE Landgrave
1467: Extinct; Most to Runkel-Westerburg who assumed the name Leiningen-Westerburg, Dagsburg to Leiningen-Hardenburg who assumed the name Leiningen-Dachsburg-Hartenburg
1658: Partitioned from Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
1706: Extinct; to Leiningen-Heidesheim
Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg County Upp Rhen WT 1560: Renamed from Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg 1658: Partitioned into Leiningen-Heidesheim, Leiningen-Dagsburg and Leiningen-Guntersblum
Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg County
1779: Principality
Upp Rhen WT 1467: Renamed from Leiningen-Hardenburg 1560: Partitioned into itself and Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg
1779: HRE Prince
1796: To France
1803: Compensated with Amorbach and other territories; renamed to Leiningen
Leiningen-Guntersblum County Upp Rhen WT 1658: Partitioned from Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg 1774: Partitioned into itself and Leiningen-Heidesheim
1795: To France
1803: Compensated with Billigheim; renamed to Leiningen-Billigheim
Leiningen-Hardenburg (Leiningen-Hartenburg) County n/a n/a 1317: Partitioned from Leiningen-Dagsburg 1343: Partitioned into Leiningen-Rixingen and itself
1467: Acquired Dagsburg; renamed to Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg
Leiningen-Heidesheim County Upp Rhen WT 1658: Partitioned from Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg 1766: Extinct; to Leiningen-Guntersblum
1774: Partitioned from Leiningen-Guntersblum
1795: To France
1803: Compensated with Neudenau; renamed to Leiningen-Neudenau
Leiningen-Landeck County n/a n/a 1237: Partitioned from Leiningen 1289: Extinct; Madenburg to Leiningen-Dagsburg, Landeck to Ochsenstein, rest to Zweibrücken
Leiningen-Neudenau
Count of Leiningen, Lord of Herzbolzheim, Count of Dagsburg & Aspremont
County Upp Rhen WT 1803: Renamed from Leiningen-Heidesheim 1806: To Baden
Leiningen-Rixingen County Upp Rhen WE 1343: Partitioned from Leiningen-Hardenburg 1506: Extinct; Rixingen to Zweibrücken-Bitsch; rest divided between Daun and Hohenfels
Leiningen-Westerburg Lordship
1481: County
Upp Rhen WT 1467: Renamed from Runkel-Westerburg after inheriting much of Leiningen-Dagsburg 1481: HRE Count
1547: Partitioned into Leiningen-Westerburg-Leiningen, Leiningen-Westerburg-Westerburg and Leiningen-Westerburg-Schaumburg
Leiningen-Westerburg-Altleiningen
Count of Leiningen, Lord of Westerburg, Grünstadt, Oberbrunn & Forbach
County Upp Rhen WT 1698: Partitioned from Leiningen-Westerburg-Schaumburg 1705: Inherited half of Leiningen-Westerburg-Rixingen
1795: To France
1803: Compensated with Ilbenstadt
1806: To Berg and Hesse-Darmstadt
Leiningen-Westerburg-Leiningen County Upp Rhen WT 1547: Partitioned from Leiningen-Westerburg 1570: Acquired Rixingen and Oberbronn
1622: Partitioned into itself, Leiningen-Westerburg-Rixingen and Leiningen-Westerburg-Oberbronn
1635: Extinct; divided between Leiningen-Westerburg-Rixingen and Leiningen-Westerburg-Oberbronn
Leiningen-Westerburg-Neuleiningen
Count of Leiningen, Lord of Westerburg, Grünstadt, Oberbrunn & Forbach
County Upp Rhen WT 1698: Partitioned from Leiningen-Westerburg-Schaumburg 1705: Inherited half of Leiningen-Westerburg-Rixingen
1795: To France
1803: Compensated with Engelthal
1806: To Nassau
Leiningen-Westerburg-Oberbronn County Upp Rhen WT 1622: Partitioned from Leiningen-Westerburg-Leiningen 1665: Extinct in male line; divided between Sinclair and Hesse-Homburg
Leiningen-Westerburg-Rixingen County Upp Rhen WT 1622: Partitioned from Leiningen-Westerburg-Leiningen 1705: Extinct; divided between Leiningen-Westerburg-Altleiningen and Leiningen-Westerburg-Neuleiningen
Leiningen-Westerburg-Schaumburg County Upp Rhen WT 1547: Partitioned from Leiningen-Westerburg 1656: Sold to Holzappel
1698: Partitioned into Leiningen-Westerburg-Altleiningen and Leiningen-Westerburg-Neuleiningen
Leiningen-Westerburg-Westerburg County Upp Rhen WT 1547: Partitioned from Leiningen-Westerburg 1597: Extinct; to Leiningen-Westerburg-Leiningen
Lemgo Imperial City Low Rhen RH Annexed to Lippe
Leuchtenberg Lordship
c. 1160: County
1196: Landgraviate
1488: Princely Landgraviate
Bav PR early 12th Century 1119: Acquired Waldeck; also known as Lord of Waldeck
c. 1160: HRE Count
1196: Landgrave
1209: Partitioned into Waldeck and itself
1259: Acquired Waldeck
1366: Partitioned into Leuchtenberg-Leuchtenberg and Leuchtenberg-Grafenau
1488: Renamed from Leuchtenberg-Leuchtenberg
1646: Extinct; to Bavaria-Leuchtenberg
1705: To Bavaria
1707: To the Bishopric of Bamberg
1708: To Lamberg
1712: To Austria
1714: To Bavaria
Leuchtenberg-Grafenau Landgraviate n/a n/a 1366: Partitioned from Leuchtenberg 1423: Territory to Lower Bavaria
1456: Extinct
Leuchtenberg-Hals Princely Landgraviate n/a n/a 1463: Partitioned from Leuchtenberg-Leuchtenberg 1486: To Aichberg
1488: Extinct
Leuchtenberg-Leuchtenberg Landgraviate
1440: Princely Landgraviate
n/a n/a 1366: Partitioned from Leuchtenberg 1375: In succession dispute with Ortenburg over Hals
1378: Acquired Crailsheim
1399: Sold Crailsheim to Nuremberg
1400: Acquired Weiden and Parkstein
1407: Acquired Hals
1413: Sold Stierenberg to Palatinate-Neuburg
1440: HRE Princely Landgrave
1463: Partitioned into itself and Leuchtenberg-Hals
1488: Renamed to Leuchtenberg
Leutkirch im Allgäu Imperial City Swab SW 1293: Free Imperial City 1803: To Bavaria
1810: To Württemberg
Leyen (Gondorf; Petra) Lordship n/a n/a 13th Century 1272: First mentioned as ministerialis of the Archbishopric of Trier
1320: Acquired Weinberg as fief of Katzenelnbogen
c. 1395: Partitioned into Leyen-Neustadt and Leyen-Gondorf
Leyen
HRE Prince of and at Leyen & Hohengeroldseck, Baron of Adendorf, Lord of Bliescastel, Burrweiler, Münchweiler, Orterbach, Niewern, Saffig, Ahrenfels, Bongard, Simpelfeld, etc.
Principality Swab SC 1806: Renamed from Leyen-Hohengeroldseck 1815: To Austria
1819: To Baden
Leyen-Adendorf Lordship
1653: Barony
Swab SC 1539: Partitioned from Leyen-Saffig 1629: Acquired Nievern
1653: HRE Baron
1660: Acquired Blieskastel
1667: Acquired Forbach
1670: Acquired Arenfels and Hönningen
1697: Acquired Hohengeroldseck
1705: Renamed to Leyen-Hohengeroldseck
Leyen-Gondorf Lordship n/a n/a c. 1395: Partitioned from Leyen c. 1420: Partitioned into Leyen-Hartelstein and Leyen-Saffig
1611: Partitioned from Leyen-Saffig
1692: Extinct; to Leyen-Nickenich
Leyen-Hartelstein Lordship n/a n/a c. 1420: Partitioned from Leyen-Gondorf 1479: Extinct; to Leyen-Saffig
Leyen-Hohengeroldseck Barony
1711: County
Swab SC 1705: Renamed from Leyen-Adendorf 1711: HRE Count
1794-6: Lost left-bank territory to France
1806: Renamed to Leyen
Leyen-Neustadt Lordship n/a n/a c. 1395: Partitioned from Leyen 1625: Extinct; to Boos von Waldeck
Leyen-Nickenich Lordship n/a n/a 1611: Partitioned from Leyen-Saffig 1714: Extinct; to Leyen-Hohengeroldseck
Leyen-Saffig Lordship n/a n/a c. 1420: Partitioned from Leyen-Gondorf 1444: Acquired Nickenich as fief of the Archbishopric of Trier
1481: Acquired Saffig and Olbrück as fief of the Archbishopric of Cologne
1486: Acquired Blieskastel
1520: Acquired Adendorf
1525: Acquired Münchhausen and Schäferei
1539: Partitioned into itself and Leyen-Adendorf
1611: Partitioned into Leyen-Nickenich, itself and Leyen-Gondorf
1703: Extinct; to Leyen-Adendorf
Lichtenberg Lordship
1458: County
n/a n/a 13th Century ? 1206: First mentioned
1249: Advocates of Strasbourg
c. 1330: Partitioned into Lichtenberg Elder Line and Lichtenberg Younger Line
1405: Reunited by Lichtenberg Younger Line
1458: HRE Count
1480: Extinct; divided between Hanau-Babenhausen and Zweibrücken-Bitsch
1570: Zweibrücken half to Hanau-Lichtenberg
Lichtenberg Elder Line Lordship n/a n/a c. 1330: Partitioned from Lichtenberg 1390: Extinct; divided between Lichtenberg Intermediate Line and Lichtenberg Younger Line
Lichtenberg Intermediate Line Lordship n/a n/a c. 1335: Partitioned from Lichtenberg Younger Line 1405: Extinct; to Lichtenberg Younger Line
Lichtenberg Younger Line Lordship n/a n/a c. 1330: Partitioned from Lichtenberg c. 1335: Partitioned into Lichtenberg Intermediate Line and itself
1405: Renamed to Lichtenberg
Lichtenthal (Lichtental) Abbacy n/a n/a 1245: Founded and given Lichtental in fief of Baden 1288: Acquired Geroldsau as fief of Baden
1803: Secularised to Baden
Liechtenstein
Sovereign Prince of Liechtenstein, Duke of Troppau & Jägerndorf, Count of Rietberg, etc
Principality Swab EC c. 1140: Family first mentioned as lower nobility in Austria 1699: Acquired Schellenberg
1707: Swabian Circle: Bench of Princes
1712: Acquired of Vaduz
1713: Bench of Secular Princes
1719: Schellenberg and Vaduz united to form Principality of Liechtenstein
Liège (Lüttich, Luik) Bishopric
972: Prince-Bishopric
Low Rhen EC 340s 972: Acquired Huy; Prince-Bishopric
1096: Acquired Bouillon
1366: Acquired Loon
1568: Acquired Horne
1795: To France
1815: To the Netherlands
1830: To Belgium
Ligne
HRE Prince of Ligne & Amblise/Amblia, Margrave of Roubaix/Roubais & Dormans, Count of Fauquemberghe, Baron of Werchin, Beloeil, Antoing, Cisoing, Villiers, Silly & Herzelles; Sovereign of Fagnolle; Lord of Baudour, Wallincourt,& other lands
Lordship
12th Century: Barony
1544: County
1601: Principality
Low Rhen WE / PR 1020: First mentioned as fiefs of Hainaut 12th Century: HRE Baron
1503: Acquired Fauquembergues as fief of France
1544: HRE County
1601: HRE Prince
1770: Acquired Fagnolle
1786: Lower Rhine-Westphalian Circle
1789: Bench of Counts of Westphalia
1795: To France
1803: Compensated with Edelstetten; Bench of Princes
1804: Sold to Esterházy von Galántha
Limburg 1106: Duchy Burg PR c. 1100 1155: Duchy of Limburg independent from Lower Lorraine
1288: Passed to Brabant
1483: To the Burgundian Netherlands
1516: To the Spanish Netherlands
1648: Dalhem, Falkenberg and Maastricht to the Netherlands
1713: To the Austrian Netherlands
1794: To France
1815: To Prussia
1918: To Belgium
Limburg an der Lahn Lordship n/a n/a 1221: To Isenburg-Cleeberg 1258: To Isenburg-Limburg
1342: Half of Limburg to the Archbishopric of Trier
1406: Isenburg-Limburg extinct; rest to Trier
1803: To Nassau
Limburg (Hohenlimburg; Limburg an der Lenn) 1242: County of Isenberg-Limburg n/a n/a c. 1242: Hohenlimburg built and an imperial immediate territory consolidated around it 1225: To Altena-Isenberg
1253: To Limburg-Isenberg
1304: To Limburg-Hohenlimburg
1442: Condominium between Neuenahr-Alpen
1459: and Limburg-Hohenlimburg-Broich
1508: Limburg half (condominium) to Daun-Falkenstein
1542: All to Neuenahr-Alpen
1592: To Bentheim
1610: To Bentheim-Limburg
1626: To Bentheim-Alpen
1629: To Bentheim-Tecklenburg-Rheda
1808: To Berg
1813: To Prussia
Limburg-Hohenlimburg-Broich County Low Rhen WE 1372: Created when Limburg-Hohenlimburg inherited Lordship of Broich; fief of Berg and his sons partioned:count William I zu Hohenlimburg and count Diederik IV zu Broich 1422: Acquired Bedburg and Hackenbroich
1432: Fief of Cleves
1442: Fief of Berg
1444: Acquired half of Limburg
1450: Acquired Bürgel
1459: Acquired half of Limburg-Hohenlimburg
1482: Acquired Hardenberg-Neviges
1508: Extinct; to Daun-Falkenstein
Limburg-Hohenlimburg County n/a n/a 1304: Partitioned from Limburg-Isenberg 1370: Acquired Vitinghof and Neu-Isenberg
1372: Acquired Broich; to Limburg-Hohenlimburg
1442: Condominium between Neuenahr-Alpen and Limburg-Hohenlimburg-Broich after a succession dispute.
Limburg-Styrum Lordship Low Rhen WE 1304: Partitioned from Limburg-Isenberg 1553: Acquired Bronckhorst
1615: Acquired Borculo
1640: Acquired Gemen
1644: Partitioned into Limburg-Styrum-Bronckhorst-Borculo, Limburg-Styrum-Gemen and Limburg-Styrum-Styrum
Limburg-Styrum-Borculo Lordship n/a n/a 1766: Partitioned from Limburg-Styrum-Bronckhorst-Borculo Non-immediate line with territories within the Netherlands
Limburg-Styrum-Bronckhorst Lordship n/a n/a 1766: Partitioned from Limburg-Styrum-Bronckhorst-Borculo Non-immediate line with territories within the Netherlands
Limburg-Styrum-Bronckhorst-Borculo Lordship n/a n/a 1644: Partitioned from Limburg-Styrum 1721: Bronckhorst sold
1726: Borculo sold
1766: Partitioned into Limburg-Styrum-Bronckhorst and Limburg-Styrum-Borculo
Limburg-Styrum-Gemen Lordship Low Rhen WE 1644: Partitioned from Limburg-Styrum 1677: Side line Limburg-Styrum-Illereichen created
1782: Extinct; to Limburg-Styrum-Illereichen
Limburg-Styrum-Illereichen Lordship Low Rhen WE 1677: Formed when Maximilian Wilhelm of Limburg-Styrum-Gemen acquired Illereichen by marriage 1772: Sold Illereichen to Palm
1782: Acquired Gemen
1800: Extinct; To Boyneburg-Bömelberg
Limburg-Styrum-Styrum
Count of Limburg and Bronckhorst, Lord of Styrum, Wisch, Borkelo and Gemen, Hereditary Banner-Lord of the Principality of Gelderland and the County of Zütphen
Lordship Low Rhen WE 1644: Partitioned from Limburg-Styrum 1773: Acquired two thirds of Oberstein
1806: To Berg
Limpurg (Schenk von Limpurg) Lordship n/a n/a 1138: Mentioned as milisterialis in the service of King Conrad III 1230: Acquired Bielriet
1235: Lost their core territories along the Main and Tauber rivers
1251: Acquired Lohrbach
c. 1277: Partitioned into itself and Lohrbach
1356: HRE Hereditary Arch-Cupbearer of the Imperial Household
1413: Acquired half of Hohenlohe-Speckfeld
1441: Partitioned into Limpurg-Gaildorf and Limpurg-Limpurg
Limpurg-Gaildorf Lordship Franc FR 1441: Partitioned from Limpurg 1557: Partitioned into itself and Limpurg-Schmiedelfeld
1690: Extinct in male line; 2 heiresses
1707: Divided; half to Limpurg-Obersontheim and half to the 2 heiresses. Over the next 99 years Limpurg-Gaildorf was inherited and divided between numerous owners
1806: All to Württemberg
Limpurg-Limpurg Lordship Franc FR 1441: Partitioned from Limpurg 1475: Partitioned into Limpurg-Speckfeld and itself
1530: Partitioned into Limpurg-Speckfeld and itself
1541: Limpurg sold to Schwäbisch-Hall; renamed to Limpurg-Obersontheim
Limpurg-Obersontheim (Limpurg-Sontheim) Lordship Franc FR 1541: Renamed from Limpurg-Limpurg 1596: Partitioned into Limpurg-Speckfeld and itself
1713: Extinct in the male line; 5 heiresses. Over the next 95 years Limpurg-Obersontheim was inherited and divided between numerous owners
1806: All to Württemberg
Limpurg-Schmiedelfeld Lordship Franc FR 1557: Partitioned from Limpurg-Gaildorf 1682: Extinct; to Limpurg-Gaildorf
Limpurg-Speckfeld Lordship Franc FR 1475: Partitioned from Limpurg-Limpurg 1521: Extinct; to Limpurg-Limpurg
1530: Partitioned from Limpurg-Limpurg
1581: Extinct; to Limpurg-Obersontheim
1596: Partitioned from Limpurg-Obersontheim
1705: Extinct in the male line; 3 heiresses. Over the next 101 years Limpurg-Speckfeld was inherited and divided between numerous owners
1806: All to Württemberg
Lindau Abbacy Swab EC c. 822 1466: HRE Princess
1803: To Bretzenheim
1804: To Austria
1805: To Bavaria
Lindau 1275: Imperial City Swab SW 1275: Imperial Free City 1803: To Bretzenheim
1804: To Austria
1805: To Bavaria
Lindow-Ruppin County Upp Sax WE c. 1214: Line established when Gebhard of Arnstein acquired Ruppin 1349: Acquired Wusterhausen and Gransee
1407: Acquired Neustadt
1524: Extinct; to Brandenburg
Lingen County Low Rhen WE 13th Century: Part of Tecklenburg 1493: To Tecklenburg-Lingen
1526: Fief of Guelders
1541: To Tecklenburg in fief to Guelders
1547: To Buren
1551: To Mary of Hungary
1555: To the Spanish Netherlands
1597: To Maurice of Orange
1605: To the Spanish Netherlands
1632: To Nassau-Orange
1702: To Prussia
1807: To France
1809: To Berg
1810: To France
1814: To Prussia
1815: To Hanover
Lippe Lordship
1528: County
Low Rhen WE 1123: First mentioned 1190: Acquired Rheda
1323: Acquired Langenholzhausen and Varenholz
1344: Partitioned into Lippe-Lippe and Lippe-Rheda
1365: Reunited by Lippe-Lippe; acquired half of Schwalenberg
1400: Acquired Barntrup und Salzuflen
1401: Rheda and Lipperode to Tecklenburg
1405: Acquired Sternberg
1444: Lippstadt in condiminium with Mark
1528: HRE Count
1568: Simon of Lippe founded sideline of Lippe-Spiegelberg-Pyrmont
1621: Partitioned into Lippe-Detmold and appanages Lippe-Brake and Lippe-Alverdissen
Lippe-Alverdissen County n/a n/a 1621: Appanage created within Lippe-Detmold 1640: Acquired half of Schaumburg
1647: Renamed to Schaumburg-Lippe
Lippe-Biesterfeld County n/a n/a 1768: Appanage created within Lippe-Detmold 1781: Appanage Lippe-Falkenflucht created
Lippe-Brake County n/a n/a 1621: Appanage created within Lippe-Detmold 1709: Extinct; to Lippe-Detmold
Lippe-Detmold
HRE Prince, Count & Noble Lord of Lippe, Count of Schwalenberg & Sternberg, Hereditary Burgrave of Utrecht
County
1789: Principality
Low Rhen WE / PR 1621: Partitioned from Lippe 1762: Appanages Lippe-Biesterfeld and Lippe-Weissenfeld created
1789: HRE Prince
Lippe-Falkenflucht County n/a n/a 1781: Appanage created within Lippe-Detmold from Lippe-Biesterfeld
Lippe-Lippe Lordship n/a n/a 1344: Partitioned from Lippe 1365: Renamed to Lippe
Lippe-Rheda Lordship n/a n/a 1344: Partitioned from Lippe 1365: Extinct; to Lippe-Lippe in succession dispute with Tecklenburg
1401: To Tecklenburg
Lippe-Spiegelberg-Pyrmont County Low Rhen WE 1568: Simon of Lippe acquired Spigelberg and Pyrmont through marriage 1583: Extinct; to Gleichen-Tonna
Lippe-Weissenfeld County n/a n/a 1768: Appanage created within Lippe-Detmold
Livonia Bishopric n/a n/a 1186: Established at Üxküll 1202: Renamed to the Bishopric of Riga
Livonian Order Order of Chivalry n/a n/a 1237: Created from the Swordbrothers Order remnants, within the Teutonic Order 1346: Acquired Estonia
1435: Joined the Livonian Confederation
1561: Order abolished; Courland and Semigallia created; Estonia to Denmark and the rest to Lithuania
Lobkowitz
Prince Lobkowitz, Duke of Roudnice, Princely Counts of Sternstein, etc.
Principality Bav PR 1417: Nicholas of Újezd received Lobkovice in Bohemia; took the name Lobkowicz 1459: HRE Baron
1562: Acquired Neustadt and Sternstein
1624: HRE Prince
1653: Bench of Secular Princes
1742: Bavarian Circle
1806: To Bavaria
Lohrbach Lordship n/a n/a 1000: First mentioned as a property of the Lauffen family 1219: To Dürn
1251: To Limpurg
c. 1277: Partitioned from Limpurg
1291: To the Order of St. John
13??: Sold to Limpurg
1413: Sold to Palatinate-Mosbach
1499: To the Palatinate
1803: To Leiningen-Billigheim
1806: To Baden
Lommersum
see: Kerpen
Loon (Looz) County n/a n/a 944 1015: First definitive mention of Loon
1108: Acquired Rieneck
c. 1194: Acquired Duras
1227: Acquired Chiny
1336: Extinct; to Heinsberg
1366: To the Prince-Bishopric of Liège; Rieneck to the Archbishopric of Mainz
Looz-Corswarem
Duke and HRE Princely Count of Looz, Hesbaye, Horne, Niel, Duke of Corswarem-Looz, Count of Fresing and Nieurlet, Upper-Court-Lord of the City and the Castellany of Cassel, Margrave of Ligny, Tongrinne and Pont-d'Oie, Baron of Longchamps and Cranewyck, Vice-Count of St. Gertrude at Liernu, Lord of the free City of Wavre, the City of Fleurus and the Lordships of Landelis, Bommeree, Denee, St. Marie, Vitry, Grand-Lez, Betisart, Clermont, Veleine, and other places
County
1734: Duchy
Low Rhen PR 12th Century: Emerged as a sideline of Loon in Corswarem, Ghoer, Nandrin and Fresin 1250: Acquired Niel
1734: HRE Duchy
1795: All lands to France
1803: Compensated with Rheina-Wolbeck; Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle and Bench of Princes
1806: To Berg
Lorraine 1048: Duchy Upp Rhen PR 959: Upper Lotharingia (Lorraine) divided from Lotharingia 1048: Conferred upon Count Gerhard of Alsace
1473: Inherited by Vaudemont
1480: Permanently united with Bar
1552-1559: French occupation
1633-1659: French occupation
1670-1697: French occupation
1702-1714: French occupation
1766: To France
Lorraine-Nomény Principality (personalist) n/a PR 1736: Personalist vote created for Francis of Lorraine 1803: Reichstag seat revoked
Lorsch Abbacy n/a n/a 764 852: Imperial immediacy
1232: To the Archbishopric of Mainz
1461: To the Palatinate
1556: Abbey dissolved
Löwenberg (Lwowek Slaski) Duchy n/a n/a 1281: Partitioned from Jauer 1281: Partitioned from Jauer into Löwenberg and Jauer

1285: Extinct; to Jauer

Löwenstein 1494: County Swab SC c. 1090: Territory acquired by Calw 1123: Lowenstein founded by Calw
1255: To Calw-Löwenstein
1277: Sold to the Bishopric of Würzburg
1281: To Austria
1283: To Albert [de] of Schenkenberg who took the title Löwenstein
1382: Half sold to the Palatinate
1441: Rest sold to the Palatinate
1464: Extinct
1488: To Louis of Scharfeneck
1494: HRE Count of Löwenstein
1504: To Württemberg
1510: Löwenstein restored but as fief of Württemberg
1552: Partitioned into Löwenstein-Löwenstein and Löwenstein-Scharfeneck
Löwenstein-Löwenstein County Swab SC 1552: Partitioned from Löwenstein 1574: Inherited 1/3 of Wertheim; renamed to Löwenstein-Wertheim
Löwenstein-Scharfeneck County Swab SC 1552: Partitioned from Löwenstein 1622: Under imperial ban; sized by the Emperor
1633: Extinct
1634: To Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort
1794: To France
1815: To Bavaria
Löwenstein-Wertheim County Franc FR 1574: Renamed from Löwenstein-Löwenstein 1611: Partitioned into Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg and Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort
Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg
HRE Prince of Löwenstein and Wertheim, Count of Rochefort, Montaigu, Supreme Prince of Chassepierre/Chaisepierre, Lord of Scharfeneck, Breuberg, Herbeumont/Herbimont, Neufchâteau, Kerpen and Kasselburg
County
1711: Principality
Low Rhen PR 1803: Renamed from Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg 1803: Bench of Princes
1806: To Baden and the Archbishopric of Regensburg (Wertheim), Württemberg (Limpurg) and Bavaria
Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort County
1711: Principality
Franc FR 1611: Partitioned from Löwenstein-Wertheim 1711: HRE Prince
1730: Acquired Rosenberg
1794: Lost left-bank territory to France
1803: Compensated with Bronnbach and Rothenfels; renamed to Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
HRE Prince of Löwenstein and Wertheim, Count of Rochefort, Montaigu, Supreme Prince of Chassepierre, Lord of Scharfeneck, Breuberg, Herbeumont, Neufchâteau, Kerpen & Kasselburg
County
1711: Principality
Franc PR 1803: Renamed from Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort 1803: Bench of Princes
1806: To Hesse-Darmstadt (Breuberg, Heubach & Habizheim), Baden and the Archbishopric of Regensburg (Wertheim), Württemberg (Limpurg) and Bavaria
Löwenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg County Low Rhen WE 1611: Partitioned from Löwenstein-Wertheim 1794: Lost left-bank territory to France
1803: Compensated with Freudenberg; renamed to Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg
Lower Alsace (Nordgau) Landgraviate n/a n/a 1192: Enfeoffed upon Sigebert III of Werd 1340: Half to Oettingen
1359: All to the Bishopric of Strasbourg
1648: To France
Lower Austria (Austria below the Ems) Archduchy Aust n/a 1379: Partitioned from Austria 1493: Re-annexed to Austria
Lower Bavaria Duchy n/a n/a 1255: Partitioned from Bavaria 1340: Extinct; to Upper Bavaria
1349: Partitioned from Bavaria
1353: Partitioned into Bavaria-Landshut and Bavaria-Straubing
Lower Isenburg County El Rhin WE Name given to the territories of the House of Isenburg in the original homelands after the acquisition of Büdingen in 1340 1439: Only Isenburg-Isenburg line remaining in Lower Isenburg, and became known as Lower Isenburg
1502: To Isenburg-Grenzau
1664: Isenburg-Grenzau extinct; to the Archbishopric of Trier
Lower Lotharingia (Lower Lorraine) Duchy n/a n/a 977: Emperor Otto II granted Lower Lorraine as a duchy to Charles, brother of Lothair of France, as a German fief 1033: United with Upper Lorraine when Gozelo I succeeded
1106: Superseded by Counts of Leuven (later Dukes of Brabant)
Lower Salm
See: Salm in the Ardennes
County
Lübeck Bishopric Low Sax EC 1149 1180: Imperial immediacy
1803: Secularised to Oldenburg as Principality of Lübeck below
Lübeck Imperial City Low Sax RH 1226: Free Imperial City 1810: To France
1815: Sovereign Free City
Lübeck Principality Low Sax 1803: Bishopric of Lübeck secularised for Oldenburg 1810: To France
1814: To Oldenburg
Lucerne Imperial City Swab SW 1415: Free Imperial City 1178: To Murbach Abbey
1291: To Austria
1332: Joined the Swiss Confederation
1415: Free Imperial City
1648: Left the Empire
Lüneburg Duchy n/a n/a 1269: Partitioned from Brunswick and Lüneburg 1369: Extinct; War of the Lüneburg Succession between Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Saxony
1373: To Saxony
1385: To Henry and Bernard I of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
1388: Saxony renounced claims to Lüneburg; henceforth known as Brunswick-Lüneburg
Lustenau Imperial Farm n/a n/a 1395: Ceded to Hohenems from Werdenberg 1759: To Austria
1790: To Harrach-Hohenems / Waldburg-Zeil-Hohenems
1806: To Bavaria
1811: To Waldburg-Zeil-Hohenems
1814: To Austria
1817: To Waldburg-Zeil-Hohenems
1830: To Austria
Luxembourg (Luxemburg)
Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Count of Sayn, Königstein, Katzenelbogen & Dietz, Burgrave of Hammerstein, Lord of Mahlberg, Wiesbaden, Idstein, Merenberg, Limburg & Eppstein
1059: County
1354: Duchy
1815: Grand Duchy
Burg n/a 963: To Sigfried of Ardennes c. 1060: Title Count of Luxembourg first used by the Ardennes
1136: Extinct; to Namur
1196: To Burgundy
1197: To Ermesinde, Countess of Luxembourg
1353: To Bohemia
1354: HRE Duke
1364: Acquired Chiny
1443: To Burgundy
1483: To the Burgundian Netherlands
1516: To the Spanish Netherlands
1713: To the Austrian Netherlands
1795: To France
1815: Grand Duchy; in personal union with the Netherlands

1830: Partitioned between France, Belgium and Luxembourg


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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article List of states in the Holy Roman Empire (L), and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.